Examination of Multicultural Coursework Across School Psychology Training Programs

  • Thomas J. GrossEmail author
  • Celeste M. Malone


The purpose of this study was to investigate the multicultural course requirements and courses for school psychology training programs. Data were collected for 332 programs across 240 college and university campuses within 47 states and the District of Columbia through publicly available program websites. Overall, 76% of programs offered at least one multicultural course and that 22% of programs offered a school psychology based course. Other course areas included counseling (19%), general psychology (25%), and education (10%). Specialist and master’s programs (29% and 31%, respectively) were most likely to have no courses offered or required, and doctoral programs were more likely to require at least one course (84%). On average 2.59 semester credit hours were offered (SD = 1.86; median = 3), where doctoral programs required more semester credit hours than specialist programs (Cohen’s d = 0.49). However, neither National Association of School Psychologists approval nor American Psychological Association accreditation was associated with significant differences in credit hours required. Implications for training are discussed.


School psychology Multicultural Course work Training 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The authors adhered to the American Psychological Association (APA) ethical standards during the development of this manuscript. All procedures were approved by the human subjects review committees at the first author’s university at the time of data collection.

Informed Consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© California Association of School Psychologists 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.School of EducationHoward UniversityWashingtonUSA

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