Factor Structure of the 10 WISC-V Primary Subtests Across Four Standardization Age Groups
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V; Wechsler 2014a) Technical and Interpretation Manual (Wechsler 2014b) dedicated only a single page to discussing the 10-subtest WISC-V primary battery across the entire 6 to 16 age range. Users are left to extrapolate the structure of the 10-subtest battery from the 16-subtest structure. Essentially, the structure of the 10-subtest WISC-V primary battery remains largely uninvestigated particularly at various points across the developmental period. Using principal axis factoring and the Schmid–Leiman orthogonalization procedure, the 10-subtest WISC-V primary structure was examined across four standardization sample age groups (ages 6–8, 9–11, 12–14, 15–16). Forced extraction of the publisher’s promoted five factors resulted in a trivial fifth factor at all ages except 15–16. At ages 6 to 14, the results suggested that the WISC-V contains the same four first-order factors as the prior WISC-IV (Verbal Comprehension, Perceptual Reasoning, Working Memory, Processing Speed; Wechsler 2003). Results suggest interpretation of the Visual Spatial and Fluid Reasoning indexes at ages 6 to 14 may be inappropriate due to the fusion of the Visual Spatial and Fluid Reasoning subtests. At ages 15–16, the five-factor structure was supported. Results also indicated that the WISC-V provides strong measurement of general intelligence and clinical interpretation should reside primarily at that level. Regardless of whether a four- or five-factor index structure is emphasized, the group factors reflecting the WISC-V indices do not account for a sufficient proportion of variance to warrant primary interpretive emphasis.
KeywordsWISC-V Exploratory factor analysis Factor extraction criteria Schmid–Leiman higher-order analysis Structural validity
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Stefan Dombrowski, Gary Canivez, and Marley Watkins declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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