Important Considerations in Manufacturing of Natural Fiber Composites: A Review

  • Jamiluddin Jaafar
  • Januar Parlaungan SiregarEmail author
  • Salwani Mohd Salleh
  • Mohd Hazim Mohd Hamdan
  • Tezara Cionita
  • Teuku Rihayat
Review Paper


The paper overviews the essential considerations in the manufacturing process of natural fiber composites which influence the performance of biocomposites. The evaluation of thermal properties of composites matrix and natural fiber chemical composition and physical properties appears to be necessary as the initial screening factors before the manufacturing process of biocomposites. On the other hand, considerations on fiber composition, type of manufacturing process and parameter used are seen as other crucial significant factors that need to be focused during the manufacturing of biocomposites. Moreover, the treatment used in the manufacturing process such as alkali treatment and coupling agent utilization should also be highlighted as additional important measures for better performance of biocomposites. In this review, all significant factors that influence the performance outcome of natural fiber composites are highlighted to provide the base-line source of literature for the manufacturing and production of composites sample. It is expected that the findings from the present study could further enhance the performance of natural fiber composites and able to become the preferred alternative or replacement for petroleum-based polymer in various industrial and commercial applications in the future.


Natural fiber composites Composites manufacturing Material processing 



The authors wish to thanks the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (Grant No. RDU140120) for funding the research through the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) with Grant Number FRGS/1/2014/TK04/UMP/02/4. The authors are also obliged to express their gratitude to Universiti Malaysia Pahang for generously providing essential laboratory facilities.


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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Precision Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PahangPekanMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Quantity SurveyingINTI International UniversityNilaiMalaysia
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentPoliteknik Negeri LhokseumaweLhokseumawe AcehIndonesia

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