Hobbing Manufacturing of New Type of Involute-Helix Gears for Wind Turbine Gearbox

  • Dong LiangEmail author
  • Bingkui Chen
  • Yane Gao
Regular Paper


The involute gears are widely used in the gearbox for wind turbine. To satisfy the requirements of reduction of noise and increase of the endurance of the gear drive, the new type of involute-helix gears, which have the advantages of involute gears and circular arc gears, had been proposed. In this paper, the hobbing cutters of involute-helix gears are designed utilizing the normal section of convex and concave tooth profiles, respectively. Mathematical models of hobbing cutters are established and general products are also manufactured. Using the developed hobbing cutters, the proposed gear pair is manufactured based on the numerical control technology. Combining with the measure method of gear measuring center and the characteristic of the investigated gears, the method of error measurement of special tooth profiles is provided. The further development of special detection software for the gears will be carried out. The results will lay the foundations for the large-scale industrial practice and production applications of gear drive.


Involute gears Involute-helix gears Hobbing cutters Manufacturing of tooth profiles Error measurement 



The research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51605049, 51575062) and Fundamental Research and Frontier Exploration Program of Chongqing City (Grant No. cstc2018jcyjAX0029). The financial support is grateful acknowledged. The authors would like to thank the Editor and Reviewers for review of this manuscript.


  1. 1.
    Yun, J. H., Jeong, M. S., Lee, S. K., Jeon, J. W., Park, J. Y., & Kim, G. M. (2014). Sustainable production of helical pinion gears: environmental effects and product quality. Int J Precis Eng Manuf Green Techn, 1(1), 37–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Park, Y. J., Kim, J. G., Lee, G. H., Kim, Y. J., & Oh, J. Y. (2016). effects of bearing characteristics on load distribution and sharing of pitch reducer for wind turbine. Int J Precis Eng Manuf Green Techn, 3(1), 55–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Haider, A. H., Taylan, A., Matthew, K., & Hui, L. (2017). system dynamic modelling of three different wind turbine gearbox designs under transient loading conditions. International Journal of Precision Engineering & Manufacturing, 18(11), 1659–1668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pham, A. D., & Ahn, H. J. (2018). High precision reducers for industrial robots driving 4th industrial revolution: state of arts, analysis, design, performance evaluation and perspective. Int J Precis Eng Manuf Green Techn, 5(4), 519–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lim, C. W. (2017). design and manufacture of small-scale wind turbine simulator to emulate torque response of mw wind turbine. Int J Precis Eng Manuf Green Techn, 4(4), 409–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sun, W., Li, X., & Wei, J. (2018). An approximate solution method of dynamic reliability for wind turbine gear transmission with parameters of uncertain distribution type. International Journal of Precision Engineering & Manufacturing, 19(6), 849–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jiang, J., & Fang, Z. (2015). Design and analysis of modified cylindrical gears with a higher-order transmission error. Mechanism and Machine Theory, 88(6), 141–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, Y. C., & Liu, C. C. (2011). Contact stress analysis of concave conical involute gear pairs with non-parallel axes. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 47(4), 443–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sosa, M., Björklund, S., Sellgren, U., & Olofsson, U. (2015). In situ surface characterization of running-in of involute gears. Wear, 340–341(3), 41–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dai, X., Cooley, C. G., & Parker, R. G. (2016). Dynamic tooth root strains and experimental correlations in spur gear pairs. Mechanism and Machine Theory, 101(7), 60–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tsai, S. J., Huang, G. L., & Ye, S. Y. (2015). Gear meshing analysis of planetary gear sets with a floating sun gear. Mechanism and Machine Theory, 84(1), 145–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Motahar, H., Samani, F. S., & Molaie, M. (2016). Nonlinear vibration of the bevel gear with teeth profile modification. Nonlinear Dynamics, 83(4), 1875–1884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bae, J. H., & Kim, C. (2015). Design of rotor profile of internal gear pump for iimproving fuel efficiency. International Journal of Precision Engineering & Manufacturing, 16(1), 113–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liang, D., Chen, B. K., & Gao, Y. E. (2015). Theoretical and experimental investigations on parallel-axis gear transmission with tubular meshing surfaces. International Journal of Precision Engineering & Manufacturing, 16(10), 2147–2157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liang, D., Chen, B. K., & Gao, Y. E. (2013). The generation principle and mathematical model of a new involute-helix gear drive. Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 227(12), 2834–2843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dimitriou, V., & Antoniadis, A. (2009). CAD-based simulation of the hobbing process for the manufacturing of spur and helical gears. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 41(3-4), 347–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Precision Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanotronics & Vehicle EngineeringChongqing Jiaotong UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.The State Key Laboratory of Mechanical TransmissionChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations