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Current Sleep Medicine Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 74–78 | Cite as

Plant-Based Diets: Reducing Cardiovascular Risk by Improving Sleep Quality?

  • Marie-Pierre St-Onge
  • Allison Crawford
  • Brooke Aggarwal
Sleep and 3D (Cancer, Cardiovascular, Metabolic Diseases) (D Gozal, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Sleep and 3D (Cancer, Cardiovascular, Metabolic Diseases)

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The goal of this review is to evaluate recent research related to the effects of plant-based diets on sleep patterns. We discuss plausible mechanisms for the link between plant-based diets and sleep and provide suggestions for future research in this area.

Recent Findings

Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality have been shown to negatively affect individual dietary habits, through enhanced appetite and increased overall caloric intake, as well as lower diet quality. Emerging data also indicate a novel bi-directional association by which dietary choices may also influence sleep duration and quality, but little is known about dietary patterns and their influence on sleep. Epidemiological studies report associations between Mediterranean diet eating patterns and sleep quality, suggesting a benefit of plant-rich diet consumption on sleep. The high isoflavone and tryptophan content of these diets may be a mechanism by which plant foods may enhance sleep quality.

Summary

Plant-based diets may provide additional benefits to health via their potential effects on sleep quality. Research is needed to establish a causal relation between a plant-rich dietary pattern and sleep health.

Keywords

Mediterranean diet Plant-based diet Sleep Tryptophan Cardiovascular disease risk 

Notes

Funding Information

This work is supported in part by an American Heart Association Go Red for Women Strategically Focused Research Network grant (16SFRN27960011 [BA] and 16SFRN27950012 [MPSO]) and NIH R01 HL128226 (MPSO).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Allison Crawford declares no conflicts of interest.

Marie-Pierre St-Onge reports grants from the American Heart Association and grants from the National Institutes of Health, during the conduct of the study.

Brooke Aggarwal reports grants from the American Heart Association, during the conduct of the study.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Pierre St-Onge
    • 1
    • 2
  • Allison Crawford
    • 1
  • Brooke Aggarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Human NutritionColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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