Use of the Team-Based Learning Readiness Assessment Test as a Low-Stakes Weekly Summative Assessment to Promote Spaced and Retrieval-Based Learning

  • Timothy J. BaulerEmail author
  • Maria L. Sheakley
  • Arlene Ho
Short Communication


Spaced learning and retrieval-based learning are two powerful learning tools that have repeatedly been shown to be effective learning strategies. Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a collaborative learning and teaching approach that is evidence-based and promotes active learning. To combine these learning strategies, we designed a TBL-centered preclinical curriculum that uses the readiness assurance test (RAT) as a low-stakes weekly summative assessment to promote spaced learning and retrieval-based learning. Since student preference for massed learning over spaced learning is well established, a TBL-centered curriculum designed to encourage spaced and retrieval-based learning may be beneficial to student learning.


Team-based learning Spaced learning Retrieval-based learning Assessment Preclinical medical education 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional review board and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© International Association of Medical Science Educators 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical SciencesWestern Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of MedicineKalamazooUSA
  2. 2.Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of MedicineKalamazooUSA

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