The Correlation Between Students’ Progress Testing Scores and Their Performance in a Residency Selection Process

  • Pedro Tadao Hamamoto FilhoEmail author
  • Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção
  • Adriana Polachini do Valle
  • Joélcio Francisco Abbade
  • Angélica Maria Bicudo
Original Research


Brazil is currently seeing an increased number of medical schools, leading to high competition for medical residency vacancies. Public managers have thus considered Progress Testing scores potentially useful as part of the final decision in the medical residency selection process. We analyzed whether there is a correlation between students’ Progress Testing scores and their performances in medical residency selection. We examined four subsequent cohorts of students who attempted Progress Testing yearly and compared their accumulated scores with their medical residency selection scores from Botucatu Medical School, Universidade Estadual Paulista. We included 212 students who finished the 6-year medical course in 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016. The comparison between the area under the Progress Testing curve and the medical residency selection score was performed using a Pearson correlation, with a p value set at < 0.05. We found a positive association between the two scores (p < 0.05 for the 4 years). Next, the students were grouped according to their performance in Progress Testing: above one, within one, and below one standard deviation. A chi-square test was used to compare the rates of approval with the second step of the medical residency selection process. Approval rates were 91.7%, 69.2%, and 42.1%, respectively (p < 0.05). We conclude that, in fact, there is a correlation between students’ performance on these measures. This is partially explained by the fact that both instruments measure cognitive competencies and knowledge. These data may support national policy changes for medical residency selection.


Progress testing Medical residency selection Undergraduate medical education Assessment 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

Institutional Review Board at Botucatu Medical School

Informed Consent



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Copyright information

© International Association of Medical Science Educators 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botucatu Medical School, Department of Neurology, Psychology and PsychiatryUNESP – Univ Estadual PaulistaBotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Botucatu Medical School, Department of Surgery an OrthopedicsUNESP – Univ Estadual PaulistaBotucatuBrazil
  3. 3.Botucatu Medical School, Department of Internal MedicineUNESP – Univ Estadual PaulistaBotucatuBrazil
  4. 4.Botucatu Medical School, Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsUNESP – Univ Estadual PaulistaBotucatuBrazil
  5. 5.School of Medical Sciences, Department of PediatricsUNICAMP – Univ Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil

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