Advertisement

Medical Science Educator

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 579–583 | Cite as

What Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes Should Medical Students Develop?

  • Janet E. Lindsley
  • Emine Ercikan Abali
  • Benjamin T. Bikman
  • Susan D. Cline
  • Tracy Fulton
  • Blanca Lopez
  • Oren D. Rosenthal
  • Virginia E. Uhley
  • Roberta J. Weintraut
  • D. Pauline Williams
  • Jonathan J. Wisco
  • Kathryn Thompson
Short Communication

Abstract

Nutrition is a significant determinant in the leading causes of death in the USA, and yet recent studies have shown that most American medical schools provide insufficient nutrition education. To address this deficiency, a concise and updated set of nutrition learning objectives was created from the 2002 Nutrition Curricular Guide for Training Physicians. A panel of 66 experts provided feedback to revise the initial objectives. The resulting objectives are presented here, as well as one recommended overarching goal to help match the needs of patients with the skills of future physicians.

Keywords

Nutrition Medical education Learning objectives Nutrition education Curriculum Clinical competence Medical students 

Abbreviations

NAA

Nutrition Academic Award

IAMSE

International Association of Medical Science Educators

IRB

Institutional Review Board

BMI

Body Mass Index

DRI

Dietary Reference Intake

RDA

Recommended Dietary Allowance

AI

Adequate Intake

UL

Upper Limit

CDC

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DASH

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

RD

Registered Dietitian

RDN

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist

WIC

Women, Infants, and Children

SNAP

Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program

EFNEP

Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Martin Kohlmeier, MD, PhD, for sharing the survey link with his network of nutrition educators.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Morris NP. The neglect of nutrition in medical education: a firsthand look. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(6):841–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nestle M, Baron RB. Nutrition in medical education: from counting hours to measuring competence. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(6):843–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kimokoti RW, Millen BE. Nutrition for the prevention of chronic diseases. Med Clin N Am. 2016;100(6):1185–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kahan S, Kushner RF. Nutrition in clinical medicine: a core competency for healthcare providers. The Medical clinics of North America. 2016;100(6):xvii–xx.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pearson TA, Stone EJ, Grundy SM, McBride PE, Van Horn L, Tobin BW. Translation of nutritional sciences into medical education: the nutrition academic award program. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001;74(2):164–70.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Van Horn L. The Nutrition Academic Award: brief history, overview, and legacy. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;83(4):936s–40s.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Curriculum Committee of the Nutrition Academic Award Program. Nutrition curriculum guide for training physicians. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/research/training/naa/products/curr_gde/index.htm. Accessed 16 Dec, 2015.
  8. 8.
    Kushner RF, Van Horn L, Rock CL, et al. Nutrition education in medical school: a time of opportunity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;99(5 Suppl):1167s–73s.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mogre V, Scherpbier AJ, Stevens F, Aryee P, Cherry MG, Dornan T. Realist synthesis of educational interventions to improve nutrition care competencies and delivery by doctors and other healthcare professionals. BMJ Open. 2016;6(10):e010084.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eisenberg DM. Nutrition education in 2040—an imagined retrospective. J Grad Med Educ. 2015;7(3):489–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association of Medical Science Educators 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet E. Lindsley
    • 1
  • Emine Ercikan Abali
    • 2
  • Benjamin T. Bikman
    • 3
  • Susan D. Cline
    • 4
  • Tracy Fulton
    • 5
  • Blanca Lopez
    • 6
  • Oren D. Rosenthal
    • 7
  • Virginia E. Uhley
    • 8
  • Roberta J. Weintraut
    • 9
  • D. Pauline Williams
    • 10
  • Jonathan J. Wisco
    • 11
    • 12
  • Kathryn Thompson
    • 13
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolPiscatawayUSA
  3. 3.Department of Physiology and Developmental BiologyBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biomedical SciencesMercer University School of MedicineMaconUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biochemistry and BiophysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  6. 6.Department of Community MedicineMercer University School of MedicineMaconUSA
  7. 7.LECOM Bradenton College of Osteopathic Medicine 5000 Lakewood Ranch BlvdBradentonUSA
  8. 8.Oakland University William Beaumont School of MedicineRochesterUSA
  9. 9.Department of Family MedicineMercer University School of Medicine/Navicent HealthMaconUSA
  10. 10.Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food ScienceBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  11. 11.Department of Physiology and Developmental BiologyNeuroscience Center, Brigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  12. 12.Department of Neurobiology and AnatomyUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA
  13. 13.Department of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of New England College of Osteopathic MedicineBiddefordUSA

Personalised recommendations