Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 61–70 | Cite as

The Protective Role of Friends in the Link between Daily Cyber Victimization and Adjustment Problems among Predominately Latino Adolescents

  • Guadalupe EspinozaEmail author


The current study examined whether friendship factors, including time spent with friends and perceived friendship quality, moderate daily associations between cyber victimization and adolescent adjustment (i.e., distress, anger, attendance problems, perceived school safety). The study focuses on the experiences of predominately Latino youth, as they remain an understudied group in cyber victimization research. Participants included 136 high school students (88% Latino) who completed daily checklists across five consecutive school days. Hierarchical linear modeling results revealed that time spent with friends moderated the associations between cyber victimization with distress, anger and attendance problems. For example, on days that adolescents did not spend time with their friends, there was a significant link between cyber victimization and feelings of anger. For adolescents who did spend time with their friends during the day, this association did not exist. Friendship quality only buffered the negative association between daily cyber victimization and feelings of distress.


Cyber victimization Adolescence Protective Friendships Latino adolescents 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.


National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 1F31HD070723-01A1


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Child and Adolescent StudiesCalifornia State University, FullertonFullertonUSA

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