Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 85–95 | Cite as

Family Enrichment Adventure Therapy: A Mixed Methods Study Examining the Impact of Trauma-Informed Adventure Therapy on Children and Families Affected by Abuse

  • Christine Lynn NortonEmail author
  • Anita Tucker
  • Mollie Farnham-Stratton
  • Federico Borroel
  • Annette Pelletier


Child abuse is epidemic in the United States and has dire long-term consequences. Innovative interventions are needed to address the negative cognitive, affective and behavioral effects of child abuse. This mixed-method study examined if adventure therapy is 1) an effective mental health intervention for child and adolescent survivors of abuse and neglect, and 2) an effective intervention for families affected by abuse and neglect. The effectiveness of the adventure therapy intervention was measured by a reduction in child trauma symptoms and improved family functioning, as reported via the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC), the Family Assessment Device (FAD), as well as qualitative data gathered via family focus groups. Findings showed that trauma-informed adventure therapy with youth and families affected by abuse reduces trauma symptomology in youth and improves family functioning, particularly in the areas of communication, closeness and problem-solving skills.


Adventure therapy Trauma-informed care Child abuse Multi-family groups 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Disclosure Statement

This statement provides transparent information about who funded the study and any potential conflicts of interest related to the study.


This study was funded by a Hogg Foundation Mental Health Research Grant.

Conflict of Interest

Authors D & E have worked for ChildSafe’s FEAT program as providers of counseling and adventure therapy services.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine Lynn Norton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anita Tucker
    • 2
  • Mollie Farnham-Stratton
    • 3
  • Federico Borroel
    • 4
  • Annette Pelletier
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Texas State University School of Social WorkSan MarcosUSA
  2. 2.University of New Hampshire, Social WorkDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Camp KiniyaColchesterUSA
  4. 4.ChildSafeSan AntonioUSA
  5. 5.Austin Women and Children’s ShelterAustinUSA
  6. 6.Discovery Ranch for GirlsCedar CityUSA

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