Advertisement

Rethinking UN Peacekeeping Burden-Sharing in a Time of Global Disorder

  • Arthur BoutellisEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

When United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres diagnosed the world with a bad case of ‘trust deficit disorder’ in 2018, UN peacekeeping seemed to have been somewhat sheltered from an increasingly chaotic world order. In September 2018, more than 150 member states signed a Declaration of Shared Commitments on UN Peacekeeping Operations (A4P). But a year later, however, on the eve of the organization’s 75th anniversary, what remains the most visible conflict management tool at the disposal of the Security Council is seeing fault lines widening. The traditional consensus over peacekeeping is eroding. Burden-sharing between those countries who, respectively, mandate, finance, and provide peacekeepers has become ever more complex in a context of an increasingly divided Council and new financial crises. Peacekeeping visions have grown further apart as some member states push for more militarized stabilization and protection of civilians approaches when others call for a return to the core principles of peacekeeping. The author concludes that despite these fault lines, peacekeeping remains a remarkable enterprise of multilateralism through which trust and solidarity between member states can be reinforced. This at the condition that greater emphasis be put when carrying out necessary reforms on a more just and equitable burden-sharing—among the P5, between the P5 and ten elected members of the Council, and between the Council and Troop Contributing Countries—and on rebuilding consensus and coherence both in New York and in field missions.

Keywords

United Nations Peacekeeping Security Council Multilateralism 

References

  1. Boutellis, Arthur. 2015. Can the UN Stabilize Mali? Towards a UN Stabilization Doctrine? Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 4(1): Art. 33.Google Scholar
  2. Boutellis, Arthur, and Chowdhury Naureen Fink. 2016. Waging Peace: UN Peace Operations Confronting Terrorism and Violent Extremism. New York: International Peace Institute.Google Scholar
  3. CIC. 2018. Peace Operations Review 2018. New York: Center on International Cooperation.Google Scholar
  4. Crisis Group. 2019. Council of Despair? The Fragmentation of UN Diplomacy. Crisis Group Special Briefing No. 1, p. 7. New York/Brussels. 30 April 2019.Google Scholar
  5. Cruz. 2017. Improving Security of United Nations Peacekeepers: We need to change the way we are doing business. December 2017.Google Scholar
  6. Fang, Songying, and Xiaojun Li. 2018. China’s evolving motivations and goals in UN peacekeeping participation. International Journal 73(3): 464–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Forti, Daniel, and Lesley Connolly. 2019. Pivoting from Crisis to Development: Preparing for the Next Wave of UN Peace Operations Transitions. New York: International Peace Institute.Google Scholar
  8. Gorur, Aditi. 2016. Defining the Boundaries of UN Stabilization Missions. Washington, DC: Stimson Center.Google Scholar
  9. Gowan, Richard. 2019. The Security Council and the Protection of Civilians. ASPI Special Report. July 2019.Google Scholar
  10. Lynch, Colum. 2014. U.N. Peacekeepers to Protect China’s Oil Interests in South Sudan. Foreign Policy. 16 June 2014.Google Scholar
  11. Lynch, Colum. 2017. Trump weighs vetoing France’s African anti-terrorism plan. Foreign Policy. 13 June 2017.Google Scholar
  12. Mir, Wazim. 2019. Financing UN Peacekeeping: Avoiding another Crisis. New York: International Peace Institute.Google Scholar
  13. RFI. 2018. A. Guterres (ONU): « Un mandat clair et des fonds pour les forces africaines » . Google Scholar
  14. SCR. 2019. Is Christmas Really Over? Improving the Mandating of Peace Operations, 9–10. New York: Security Council Report.Google Scholar
  15. SCR Briefing. 2019. Briefing by Ms. Karin Landgren, Executive Director, Security Council Report on the Implementation of the note by the President of the Security Council. Security Council, 8539th meeting. 6 June 2019.Google Scholar
  16. UN. 2017. Report of the Secretary-General on the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel. S/2017/869. 16 October 2017.Google Scholar
  17. UN. 2019. Security Council Extends Mandate of United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2460. 15 March 2019.Google Scholar
  18. UN PRST. 2015. Statement by the President of the Security Council. S/PRST/2015/26. 31 December 2015.Google Scholar
  19. UN A4P. 2019. Secretary-General’s Initiative on Action for Peacekeeping.Google Scholar
  20. UN Fact Sheet. United Nations Peacekeeping Operations. 31 May 2015.Google Scholar
  21. UN Letter. 2018. Letter dated 31 August 2018 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General. A/72/110–S/2018/815.Google Scholar
  22. UN Meetings. 2019. Triangular Cooperation Essential to Improving Performance, Safety of Peacekeepers, Under-Secretary-General Tells Security Council. SC/13877. 10 July 2019.Google Scholar
  23. UN Press Release. 2019. SC/13822. 23 May 2019.Google Scholar
  24. UN Secretary-General. 2015. The Future of United Nations Peace Operations: Implementation of the Recommendations of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations | Report of the Secretary-General. para 122.Google Scholar
  25. UN Secretary-General. 2019. Remarks to the Fifth Committee on “Improving the Financial Situation of the Organization. 4 June 2019.Google Scholar
  26. What’s In Blue. 2018. Peacekeeping Performance: Vote on a Draft Resolution. Security Council Report. 20 September 2018.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Fudan University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The International Peace Institute (IPI)New YorkUSA
  2. 2.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations