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Current Climate Change Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 58–68 | Cite as

The Contribution from Methane to the Permafrost Carbon Feedback

  • Claude-Michel NzotungicimpayeEmail author
  • Kirsten Zickfeld
Carbon Cycle and Climate (K Zickfeld, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Carbon Cycle and Climate

Abstract

Purpose of Review

We assess the level of importance of methane (CH4) in the permafrost carbon feedback by reviewing recent scientific publications.

Recent Findings

Studies that consider permafrost degradation in wetlands suggest that CH4 could have a share of ~20% in the warming caused by the total permafrost carbon release by 2100. When CH4 emissions from thermokarst lakes are considered, the contribution from permafrost CH4 to the surface warming increases to between 30 and 50%.

Summary

Based on the reviewed literature, we report that gradual degradation of the near-surface permafrost under unmitigated emissions scenarios could result in an additional warming of ~0.3 (0.08–0.50) °C by 2100, out of which up to 0.1 °C would be from wetland CH4 emissions. However, these values can be underestimates as the degradation of ice-rich permafrost and subsequent CH4 emissions from thermokarst lakes are not accounted for in the calculations.

Keywords

Permafrost carbon feedback Methane Thermokarst lakes Climate change 

Notes

Acknowledgments

K. Zickfeld acknowledges support from the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery Grant Program.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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