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Drought escape can provide high grain yields under early drought in lentils

  • David Sánchez-GómezEmail author
  • M. Teresa Cervera
  • Miguel A. Escolano-Tercero
  • M. Dolores Vélez
  • Nuria de María
  • Luis Diaz
  • Raúl Sánchez-Vioque
  • Ismael Aranda
  • M. Ángeles Guevara
Article
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Abstract

In the current context of climate change, evaluation of intraspecific genetic and phenotypic variability of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik) in response to early droughts is fundamental to gain novel insight on the adaptive potential of lentil to water deficit. Here we studied in the field the variability of functional traits, leaf biochemical composition and yield components of three Spanish lentil cultivars submitted to an atypically dry spring. The genetic variability was also studied using amplified fragment length polymorphisms based on 156 polymorphic bands. The vulnerability of the cultivars to future drier scenarios was assessed and we identified potential traits related with lentil’s tolerance to early water deficit. Inter-cultivar variability was found in the response pattern of stomatal conductance to water availability but also in other functional traits and yield components. The small-seeded commercial cultivar PAR had the highest harvest index, grain yield, maximum stomatal conductance, stomatal density and specific leaf area while the lowest root-to-shoot ratio. PAR also had early flowering and the shortest life cycle as well as high leaf polyphenol and carotenoid contents. Therefore, the drought escape strategy exhibited by PAR could be beneficial under dry springs in Mediterranean environments. In contrast, despite the big-seeded non-commercial traditional cultivar MAN displayed drought tolerant traits and high genetic and phenotypic variability, it had the lowest grain yield, suggesting that MAN is less valuable than PAR as a source of early drought resistance for the genetic improvement of lentils.

Keywords

AFLP analysis Drought tolerance Carotenoids Grain yield Polyphenols Stomatal conductance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the European Social Fund (ESF) co-funding a grant of the INIA subprogramme DOC-INIA to D.S-G. We thank Dr. Marcelino de los Mozos, manager and curator of the Bank of Plant Germplasm of Cuenca (ESP124) for providing us with the seeds. We also thank Eugenio Salamanca, Amparo Calvo and Rafael Carrascosa for their technical assistance.

Supplementary material

40626_2018_136_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)

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Copyright information

© Brazilian Society of Plant Physiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Sánchez-Gómez
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Teresa Cervera
    • 2
  • Miguel A. Escolano-Tercero
    • 1
  • M. Dolores Vélez
    • 2
  • Nuria de María
    • 2
  • Luis Diaz
    • 2
  • Raúl Sánchez-Vioque
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ismael Aranda
    • 2
    • 4
  • M. Ángeles Guevara
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Agroalimentario y Forestal de Castilla La Mancha (IRIAF), Centro de Investigación Agroforestal de Albaladejito (CIAF)CuencaSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación Forestal (CIFOR), Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias (INIA)MadridSpain
  3. 3.INCRECYT. Fundación Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Castilla-La Mancha, Centro de EmprendedoresAlbaceteSpain
  4. 4.Instituto de Investigaciones Agroambientales y de Economía del Agua (INAGEA)Palma de MallorcaSpain

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