From vineyards to controlled environments in grapevine research: investigating responses to climate change scenarios using fruit-bearing cuttings

  • Fermín Morales
  • María Carmen Antolín
  • Iker Aranjuelo
  • Nieves Goicoechea
  • Inmaculada Pascual
Article

Abstract

This paper describes the use of fruit-bearing grapevine hardwood cuttings as a model system for grapevine research, translating some studies that are difficult to execute under field conditions in the vineyards to facilities under controlled conditions. This approach enables to simulate in greenhouses future climate conditions and to investigate putative responses of grapevine to climate change. An updated description of how to grow grapevine fruit-bearing cuttings is made, together with modifications to carry out studies of partial rootzone drying, regulated deficit irrigation studies and symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. We summarize how extensive has been the use of fruit-bearing cuttings in grapevine research over the years, with special emphasis in those experiments that analyze the effects of factors related to climate change, such as elevated CO2, elevated temperature, water availability and UV-B radiation, on grapevine physiology, production and grape quality. A validation of the model is made, comparing results obtained with fruit-bearing cuttings with those obtained from vineyard-grown plants. We discuss some advantages of growing grapevines under elevated CO2 with an atmosphere depleted in 13C, using this stable isotope (13C) and others (15N, 54Fe or 57Fe, etc.) as tracers for C, N and other nutrient metabolism studies.

Keywords

Abiotic stress factors Climate change scenarios Fruit-bearing grapevine cuttings Model grapevine system Nutrient stable isotopes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the European Project INNOVINE Call FP7-KBBE-2011-6, Proposal No. 311775, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Innovation (BFU2011-26989, AGL2011-30386-C02-02 and AGL2014-56075-C2-1-R), and Aragón Government (A03 Research Group). Authors acknowledge the great technical assistance of M. Oyarzun, H. Santesteban and A. Urdiain.

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Copyright information

© Brazilian Society of Plant Physiology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fermín Morales
    • 1
  • María Carmen Antolín
    • 2
  • Iker Aranjuelo
    • 3
    • 4
  • Nieves Goicoechea
    • 2
  • Inmaculada Pascual
    • 2
  1. 1.Dpto. Nutrición Vegetal, Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD)CSICZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Grupo de Fisiología del Estrés en Plantas (Dpto. Biología Ambiental), Unidad Asociada al CSIC, EEAD, Zaragoza e ICVV, Logroño, Facultades de Ciencias y FarmaciaUniversidad de NavarraPamplonaSpain
  3. 3.Instituto de Agrobiotecnología (IdAB)Universidad Pública de Navarra-CSIC-Gobierno de NavarraMutilva BajaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversity of Basque Country (UPV-EHU)BizkaiaSpain

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