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Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors do not alter GH/IGF-I axis in adult diabetic patients

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Abstract

Purpose

Incretin-based therapies have been introduced in clinical practice for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treatment in the last few years. Current available medications of this class include glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. In addition to GLP-1, DPP-4 is able to inactivate many others peptides as hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). The aim of this exploratory study was to evaluate, on adult diabetic patients, the impact of therapy with incretins, particularly DPP-4 inhibitors on GH/IGF-I axis.

Methods

60 patients with T2DM were included in the study and they were divided into three groups (age and sex comparable) on the basis of their hypoglycemic drugs in the last 4 months: group 1 (17 patients, exenatide or liraglutide + metformin), group 2 (18 patients, sitagliptin or vildagliptin + metformin), group 3 (25 patients, metformin). Anthropometric data, glycemia, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), IGF-I and acid-labile subunit (ALS) were collected in all patients.

Results

Weight, waist circumference and BMI of group 1 were significantly higher (P < 0.05) compared to the other groups. Fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c of the group 1 were similar compared to those of group 3 (P ns) and higher compared to those of group 2 (P < 0.05). IGF-I absolute values, IGF-I SDS were not significantly different in the three groups.

Conclusions

Our data evidence that DPP-4 inhibition does not influence significantly GH/IGF-I system, confirming what was observed in animal models. Further studies are needed to better characterize the properties of these molecules on endocrine system.

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Author information

Correspondence to Mara Boschetti.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Teti, C., Talco, M., Albertelli, M. et al. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors do not alter GH/IGF-I axis in adult diabetic patients. J Endocrinol Invest 43, 389–393 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40618-019-01106-6

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Keywords

  • Incretins
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors
  • Growth hormone
  • IGF-I