Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp 1227–1234 | Cite as

Benefits of a regular vs irregular rhythm-based training programme on physical fitness and motor skills in obese girls

  • Ghazi Racil
  • Wassim Elmontassar
  • Imen Rommene
  • Claire Tourny
  • Anis Chaouachi
  • Jeremy B. Coquart
Original Article



The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls.


Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements. The participants were divided into two groups: a control group (CG) and an experimental group (EG). CG performed the exercise in a quiet setting (i.e., without rhythmic accompaniment), whereas regular and irregular rhythmic accompaniments were prescribed in EG. The physical exercise programme included three sessions per week for 6 weeks. Each session was composed of three parts: 15 min of warm-up, followed by 40 min of exercises based on basic locomotor movements (i.e., running, hopping, skipping, jumping, leaping, sliding, galloping, throwing, catching, kicking, dribbling, and striking) and then 5 min of stretching. Each exercise was demonstrated by the teacher. Before and after the intervention period, cardiovascular measures (i.e., resting blood pressures, recovery for heart rate and systolic blood pressure, and recovery rate-pressure product) were made and five MS (i.e., running, hopping, leaping, jumping and dribbling) were evaluated in two conditions (i.e., during exercise with regular and irregular tempos). Moreover, performances on vertical jump tests (squat and countermovement jump tests) were measured.


EG exhibited greater improvement in MS with a regular tempo (and sometimes an irregular tempo), cardiovascular components, and jump performances.


These findings demonstrate that physical exercise at various tempos is useful for improving physical fitness, developing MS, and thus probably preventing obesity complications.


Physical exercise Music Tempo Obesity Child 



We are most grateful to the school’s children and the volunteer physical education teachers who so graciously gave time from their busy schedules, to contribute to the completion of this study over such a time period.


This study has not been funded.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All testing procedures were in line with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Informed consent

All volunteered to take part in the study, and each parent or legal guardian signed an informed consent form agreeing to their child’s participation.


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ghazi Racil
    • 1
  • Wassim Elmontassar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Imen Rommene
    • 2
  • Claire Tourny
    • 4
  • Anis Chaouachi
    • 2
  • Jeremy B. Coquart
    • 4
  1. 1.Département des Sciences Biologiques, Faculté des SciencesUniversité de Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization”National Center of Medicine and Sciences in Sport (CNMSS)TunisTunisia
  3. 3.Laboratory of Biomechanics and Biomaterials Research Applied to OrthopedicsNational Institute of OrthopedicsTunisTunisia
  4. 4.Faculté des Sciences du Sport, Centre d’Etudes des Transformations par les Activités Physiques et SportivesUniversité de RouenMont-Saint AignanFrance

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