Interleukin-6, soluble interleukin-6 receptor/interleukin-6 complex and insulin resistance in obese children and adolescents
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To study the characteristics of interleukin 6 (IL6), soluble form of interleukin 6 receptor (sILR)/IL6 complex in obese children and adolescents and its relationship with insulin resistance (IR).
Subjects and methods
66 obese children and adolescents [34 boys, mean age 10.3 ± 2.9 years, z-score of body mass index (BMI) 4.76 ± 1.36] and 24 non-obese healthy sex- and age-matched controls. Fasting levels of glucose, insulin, IL6, sIL6, sgp130 were measured. IR was assessed by homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR).
Obese subjects showed increased levels of insulin and IL-6 and higher HOMA-IR compared to controls (117.67 ± 50.9 vs. 62.42 ± 29.4 pmol/L, 2.73 ± 0.98 vs. 1.07 ± 0.41 pg/ml and 4.03 ± 2.16 vs. 1.83 ± 1.05 for insulin, IL-6 and HOMA-IR, respectively, p < 0.01 in all cases). sIL-6R levels were significantly lower in obese subjects (34.7 ± 14.2 vs. 55.6 ± 15.2 ng/ml in controls, p = 0.005), whereas sgp130 levels were not significantly different. In obese subjects, IL-6 directly correlated with z-score BMI (r = 0.481, p = 0.009) and with waist-to-height ratio (r = 0.494, p = 0.007), while sIL6-R was inversely related to HOMA-IR (r = −0.522, p = 0.002). Insulin resistant subjects showed higher levels of IL6 and lower levels of sIL6R (3.31 ± 0.72 vs. 2.25 ± 0.64 pg/ml, p = 0.020 and 25.3 ± 9.3 vs. 42.5 ± 10.4 ng/ml, p = 0.013, respectively).
In obese children and adolescents, IR is associated with elevated levels of IL-6 and diminished values of sIL-6R.
KeywordsObesity Insulin resistance IL-6 Transsignalling Pediatrics
Body mass index
Homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance
Interleukin 6 receptor
Soluble form of interleukin 6 receptor
This study was supported by a grant of University of Foggia (Italy).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest that could be perceived as prejudicing the impartiality of the research reported.
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