Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 593–599 | Cite as

Italian consensus for the classification and reporting of thyroid cytology

  • Francesco Nardi
  • Fulvio Basolo
  • Anna Crescenzi
  • Guido Fadda
  • Andrea Frasoldati
  • Fabio Orlandi
  • Lucio Palombini
  • Enrico Papini
  • Michele Zini
  • Alfredo Pontecorvi
  • Paolo VittiEmail author
Consensus Statement


Thyroid nodules are diagnosed with increasing frequency in clinical practice. The first step in the management of patients presenting with thyroid nodules is an accurate triage of those who should be referred to surgery [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. In spite of the advances in ultrasound (US) imaging [6, 7, 8] and the promising results of molecular analysis [9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16], this basic step still strongly relies on cytology [3]. Among the acronyms used to indicate the sampling technique for thyroid cytology (FNA, FNAB, FNAC, FNC), fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is the most frequently adopted and it will be employed in this document. When the cytologic specimen is obtained without aspiration the term FNC (fine-needle cytology) may be used [2].

In the recent years, a variety of four- to six-tiered reporting schemes for thyroid cytology have been proposed by different societies and institutions, with the aim of improving the communication between cytopathologists and...


Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Thyroid Nodule Papillary Carcinoma Core Needle Biopsy Follicular Adenoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Conflict of interest

Francesco Nardi, Fulvio Basolo, Anna Crescenzi, Guido Fadda, Andrea Frasoldati, Fabio Orlandi, Lucio Palombini, Enrico Papini, Michele Zini, Alfredo Pontecorvi and Paolo Vitti declare they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Nardi
    • 1
  • Fulvio Basolo
    • 2
  • Anna Crescenzi
    • 3
  • Guido Fadda
    • 4
  • Andrea Frasoldati
    • 5
  • Fabio Orlandi
    • 6
  • Lucio Palombini
    • 7
  • Enrico Papini
    • 3
  • Michele Zini
    • 5
  • Alfredo Pontecorvi
    • 4
  • Paolo Vitti
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.University of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Regina Apostolorum Hospital of AlbanoRomeItaly
  4. 4.Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore Agostino Gemelli, University HospitalRomeItaly
  5. 5.Hospital Santa Maria Nuova IRCCSReggio EmiliaItaly
  6. 6.University of TurinTurinItaly
  7. 7.University of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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