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Behavior Analysis in Practice

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 612–616 | Cite as

Using a Lottery to Promote Physical Activity by Young Adults with Developmental Disabilities

  • Anita LiEmail author
  • Hugo Curiel
  • Steven P. Ragotzy
  • Alan Poling
Brief Practice

Abstract

Exercise benefits adults with developmental disabilities. A prior study demonstrated that a treatment package comprising goal setting and fixed-ratio 1 reinforcement for goal attainment substantially increased walking. However, continuous reinforcement delivery may be untenable due to cost and time. In an effort to develop a more practical package intervention, we evaluated a procedure that involved setting goals for steps taken each 6-h school day and a lottery system for awarding prizes for goal completion. Three of the four participants took substantially more steps when the intervention was in effect, and all of them rated it as highly acceptable.

Keywords

Accelerometers Developmental disabilities Exercise Goal setting Lottery Reinforcement 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Anita Li declares she has no conflict of interest. Hugo Curiel declares he has no conflict of interest. Steven Ragotzy declares he has no conflict of interest. Alan Poling declares he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Wood HallWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA
  2. 2.Kalamazoo Regional Educational Service AgencyKalamazooUSA

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