Developing the Cultural Awareness Skills of Behavior Analysts
- 1.4k Downloads
All individuals are a part of at least one culture. These cultural contingencies shape behavior, behavior that may or may not be acceptable or familiar to behavior analysts from another culture. To better serve individuals, assessments and interventions should be selected with a consideration of cultural factors, including cultural preferences and norms. The purpose of this paper is to provide suggestions to serve as a starting point for developing behavior analysts’ cultural awareness skills. We present strategies for understanding behavior analysts’ personal cultural values and contingencies and those of their clients, integrating cultural awareness practices into service delivery, supervision, and professional development, and becoming culturally aware in everyday practice.
KeywordsCulture Cultural awareness Applied behavior analysis Diversity
- Adler, P. S. (1998). Beyond cultural identity: reflections on multiculturalism. Basic concepts of intercultural communication: Selected readings, 225–245.Google Scholar
- American Psychological Association. (2015). Guidelines and principles for accreditation of programs in professional psychology: Quick reference guide to internship programs. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ed/accreditation/about/policies/interns.aspx.
- Association of American Medical Colleges. (2005). Cultural Competence Education. Retrieved from http://www.aamc.org/download/54338/data/culturalcomped.pdfBaer, D. M., Wolf, M. M., & Risley, T. R. (1968). Some current dimensions of applied behavior analysis. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1(1), 91–97. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1968.1-91.
- Baer, D. M., Wolf, M. M., & Risley, T. R. (1968). Some current dimensions of applied behavior analysis. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1(1), 91–97.Google Scholar
- Behavior Analyst Certification Board. (2012). Fourth edition task list, retrieved from http://bacb.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/BACB_Fourth_Edition_Task_List.pdf.
- Behavior Analyst Certification Board. (2015). Guidelines for responsible conduct for behavior analysts. Retrieved from http://bacb.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/150824-compliance-code-english.pdf.
- Brodhead, M. T., Durán, L., & Bloom, S. E. (2014). Cultural and linguistic diversity in recent verbal behavior research on individuals with disabilities: a review and implications for research and practice. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 30, 75–86. doi:10.1007/s40616-014-0009-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cross, T. L., Bazron, B. J., Dennis, K. W., & Isaacs, M. R. (1989). Toward a culturally competent system of care: a monograph on effective services for minority children who are severely emotionally disturbed. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED330171.pdf.
- Hayes, S. C., & Toarmino, D. (1995). If behavioral principles are generally applicable, why is it necessary to understand cultural diversity? The Behavior Therapist, 18, 21–23.Google Scholar
- Hymes, D. (1962) The ethnography of speaking. In T. Glawinand W.C. Sturtevant (eds.). Anthropology and human behavior, 13–53. Washington, DC: Anthropological Society of Washington. Reprinted in J. A. Fishman, 1968. Readings in the Sociology of Language, 99–138. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
- Jones, E. W., & Hoerger, M. L. (2009). Brief report: establishing ABA programs in a welsh context: cross-cultural considerations. European Journal of Behavior Analysis, 10, 249–253.Google Scholar
- Montgomery, W. (2001). Creating culturally responsive, inclusive classrooms. Teaching Exceptional Children, 33(4), 4–9.Google Scholar
- Padilla Dalamau, Y. C., Wacker, D. P., Harding, J. W., Berg, W. K., & Schiettz, K. M. (2011). A preliminary evaluation of functional communication training effectiveness and language preference when Spanish and English are manipulated. Journal of Behavioral Education, 20, 233–251. doi:10.1007/s10864-011-9131-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Randall-David, E. (1989). Strategies for working with culturally diverse communities and clients. Washington, DC: Association for the Care of Children’s Health.Google Scholar
- Rolider, A., & Axelrod, S. (2005). The effects of “behavior-speak” on public attitudes toward behavioral interventions: A crosscultural argument for using conversational language to describe behavioral interventions to the general public. In W. L. Heward, T. E. Heron, N. A. Neef, S. M. Peterson, D. M. Sainato, G. Cartledge, et al. (Eds.), Focus on behavior analysis in education: Achievements, challenges, and opportunities (pp. 283–294). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Press.Google Scholar
- Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Collier-Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Skinner, B. F. (1974). About behaviorism. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
- Sue, D. W. (2003). Cultural competence in the treatment of ethnic minority populations. In D. W. Sue (Ed.), Psychological treatment of ethnic minority populations (pp. 4–7). Washington, DC: APA Press.Google Scholar
- Sugai, G., O'Keeffe, B. V., & Fallon, L. M. (2012). A contextual consideration of culture and schoolwide positive behavior support. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 14(4). 197–208. doi:10.1177/1098300711426334.
- Tervalon, M., & Murray-Garcia, J. (1998). Cultural humility versus cultural competence: a critical distinction in defining physician training outcomes in multicultural education. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 9(2), 117–125. doi:10.1353/hpu.2010.0233.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Mental health: culture, race and ethnicity. A supplement to mental health: a report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Public Health Services, Office of the Surgeon General.Google Scholar
- Wolfe, K., & Durán, L. K. (2013). Culturally and linguistically diverse parents’ perceptions of the IEP process: a review of current research. Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, 13, 4–18.Google Scholar