The Portuguese Version of the Schedule of Racist Events

  • Carlos Zubaran
  • Manoella Balbinotti
  • Karine Cappelletti
  • Katia Foresti
  • Lessandra Michelin
  • Jose Mauro Madi
  • The UCS-UNESCO Research Group



There is a lack of research tools in Portuguese to evaluate racial discrimination. The purpose of this study was to psychometrically assess the Portuguese version of the Schedule of Racist Events (SRE) in a sample of individuals enrolled in a research trial with antiretroviral medications in southern Brazil.


Sample of 147 individuals living with HIV and/or AIDS. Research participants completed the Schedule of Racist Events and the WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaires.


The SRE scores of non-white participants were significantly higher than the scores of white-participants. The Crombach’s alpha coefficients, for the three subscales of the Portuguese version of the SRE, were high and significant. There were significant correlations between all subscales of the SRE and relevant domains of the WHOQOL-HIV BREF.


The original English version of the SRE was successfully adapted to Portuguese. The Portuguese version of SRE constitutes a valid research instrument for evaluating racial discrimination.


Racism Questionnaires Validation studies Brazil 


Funding Information

This study was funded by Grant CSV 302/06 of the National Program on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS (Brazil).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Zubaran
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manoella Balbinotti
    • 3
  • Karine Cappelletti
    • 4
  • Katia Foresti
    • 5
  • Lessandra Michelin
    • 3
  • Jose Mauro Madi
    • 3
  • The UCS-UNESCO Research Group
    • 3
  1. 1. Western Sydney University SydneyAustralia
  2. 2.The University of Notre DameSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.University of Caxias do SulCaxias do SulBrazil
  4. 4.Hospital Santa Casa de CuritibaCuritibaBrazil
  5. 5.Sunnyside ClinicSydneyAustralia

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