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Predictors of Cervical Cancer Screening Awareness and Literacy Among Korean-American Women

  • Y. Joon ChoiEmail author
  • Hee Yun Lee
  • Soonok An
  • Young Ji Yoon
  • Jennifer Oh
Article
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Abstract

Background

Korean-American women experience a higher incidence of cervical cancer than non-Hispanic White women as well as other Asian-American women. A prominent cause of such a disproportional health risk among Korean-American women is a lack of awareness and knowledge of cervical cancer screening. Identifying factors related to cervical cancer screening awareness and literacy is critical for increasing cervical cancer screening among this population.

Methods

Researchers surveyed 230 Korean-American women in a metro area in a Southeastern state, USA. Based on Anderson’s Behavioral Model of Health Services Use, predisposing, enabling, and need factors were explored to predict cervical cancer screening awareness and literacy.

Results

Monthly income, education, English proficiency, and annual checkups had significantly positive associations with cervical cancer screening awareness. Having an acquaintance giving support and receiving an annual checkup had significantly positive relationships with cervical cancer screening literacy.

Discussion

This study recommends culture specific guidelines to promote annual checkups through primary care physicians and the transfer of information about cervical cancer screening through acquaintances giving support.

Keywords

Cervical cancer Cancer screening literacy Korean-American women Annual checkups Acquaintance support 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.School of Social WorkUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Social Work and SociologyNorth Carolina A&T State UniversityGreensboroUSA
  4. 4.School of Social WorkUniversity of MinnesotaSt PaulUSA
  5. 5.Department of Counseling PsychologyRadford UniversityRadfordUSA

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