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Worry Among Latinx Young Adults: Relations to Pain Experience, Pain-Related Anxiety, and Perceived Health

  • Michael J. ZvolenskyEmail author
  • Brooke Y. Kauffman
  • Daniel Bogiaizian
  • Andres G. Viana
  • Jafar Bakhshaie
  • Andrew H. Rogers
  • Natalia Peraza
Original Paper

Abstract

Latinx are one of the largest and most rapidly growing segments of the United States (U.S.) population that is significantly impacted by health disparities, including somatic health problems. Young Latinx adults (ages 18–25 years) are at a greater risk for being affected by such health inequalities and there is a need to understand individual-based differences that may contribute to and maintain somatic symptoms, including pain experience, pain beliefs, and perceptions of health. Thus, the current study investigated the explanatory role of worry in association between pain intensity, pain disability, pain-related anxiety, and perceived health among Latinx college students. Participants included 401 (Mage = 21 years; SD = 2.02; 83% female) Latinx students at a large, southwestern university. Results indicated that greater levels of worry were related to increased levels of pain intensity, pain disability, pain-related anxiety, and lower levels of perceived health. These findings were evident above and beyond variance accounted for by gender, age, physical functioning, and subjective social status. Overall, the results from the present investigation suggest that there is greater risk for more severe pain experiences, maladaptive beliefs regarding pain, and worse perceptions of health status among Latinx young adults who experience elevated levels of worry.

Keywords

Latinx Young adults Pain Health Worry Pain-related anxiety 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of Human Rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral ScienceThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  3. 3.HEALTH InstituteUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Psychotherapeutic Area of Asociación AyudaAnxiety Disorders ClinicBuenos AiresArgentina

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