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Psychometric Properties of a Healthcare Discrimination Scale Among Young-Adult Latinos

  • Daniel F. López-Cevallos
  • S. Marie Harvey
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives

A growing body of research has found that healthcare discrimination is a significant barrier in accessing healthcare among Latino patients. Despite evidence of the effects of perceived discrimination among Latinos, psychometric testing of scales used in previous research is limited. The present study explored the psychometric properties of a healthcare discrimination scale (HDS) among young-adult Latinos.

Methods

We used data from a cross-sectional study of young-adult Latinos, primarily of Mexican heritage, living in rural Oregon. Bilingual, bicultural staff members conducted computer-assisted personal interviews matched by gender with 313 individuals who completed the interview in Spanish (n = 137) or English (n = 176). The interview guide included questions for the HDS and the experiences of discrimination (EOD) and acculturation scales, and satisfaction with healthcare services. Psychometric testing included exploratory factor analysis, internal consistency, split-half reliability, and convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity.

Results

The HDS scale had high internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.92), was strongly correlated with the EOD scale (r = 0.70, p < 0.001), and weakly correlated with the acculturation scale (r = 0.17, p < 0.01). Discriminant validity was stronger among English speakers (r = − 0.06, p = 0.422). Split-half reliability was 0.87 (p < 0.001). Confirmatory factor analysis yielded a one-factor solution for both Spanish and English language respondents. The HDS was significantly associated with satisfaction with healthcare services, indicative of good predictive validity.

Conclusions

These results suggest that the healthcare discrimination scale is a valid and reliable tool to use among Spanish and English-speaking young-adult Latinos. Further testing is needed among Latinos of other ages and background groups.

Keywords

Healthcare discrimination Psychometrics Health disparities Race/ethnicity Latinos 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by the cooperative agreement U01DP000123A from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to S. Marie Harvey (PI). Dr. López-Cevallos was supported in part by a Summer Research Award from the College of Liberal Arts at Oregon State University.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Disclaimer

The views expressed in this article are the responsibility solely of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the CDC.

Supplementary material

40615_2018_560_MOESM1_ESM.docx (71 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 71 kb)
40615_2018_560_MOESM2_ESM.docx (79 kb)
Supplemental Table 1 (DOCX 78 kb)

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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Language, Culture, and Society, College of Liberal ArtsOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.College of Public Health and Human SciencesOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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