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Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Hispanic Immigrant Women in Coastal South Carolina

  • John S. Luque
  • Yelena N. Tarasenko
  • Hong Li
  • Caroline B. Davila
  • Rachel N. Knight
  • Rosa E. Alcantar
Article

Abstract

Objectives

This study aims to examine prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer screening utilization and adherence among a growing population of Hispanic immigrant women in coastal South Carolina.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 196 women to assess recency of screening and hypothesized study predictors (health status, beliefs, self-efficacy, having a regular provider, barriers to screening, and trust in providers). Multiple ordinal logistic regressions identified final covariates which would predict recency of screening.

Results

Approximately 84% of women were up-to-date with their Pap tests and 47% had received a Pap test in the previous year. In the adjusted analyses, having a regular provider and having a chronic medical condition were significantly associated with recency of Pap test.

Conclusions

Differences in cervical cancer screening for participants were partially explained by psychosocial factors, health status, and individual and structural barriers to healthcare.

Keywords

Cervical cancer screening Pap test Hispanics/Latinos Immigrants 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

Supported in part by the State of South Carolina (GCR 16030400), the Biostatistics Shared Resource, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina (P30 CA 138313) and by the South Carolina Clinical and Translational Research Institute, Biomedical Informatics Center (BMIC) (UL1 TR 001450) which supports REDCap.

Conflicts of Interest

John Luque declares that he has no conflict of interest. Yelena Tarasenko declares that she has no conflict of interest. Hong Li declares that she has no conflict of interest. Caroline Davila declares that she has no conflict of interest. Rachel Knight declares that she has no conflict of interest. Rosa Alcantar declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants in the study.

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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Luque
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yelena N. Tarasenko
    • 3
  • Hong Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Caroline B. Davila
    • 1
  • Rachel N. Knight
    • 1
  • Rosa E. Alcantar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Public Health SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  2. 2.Hollings Cancer CenterMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA
  4. 4.Claflin UniversityOrangeburgUSA

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