The Behavior Analyst

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 25–39 | Cite as

The Other Shoe: An Early Operant Conditioning Chamber for Pigeons

  • Takayuki Sakagami
  • Kennon A. LattalEmail author
Original Article


We describe an early operant conditioning chamber fabricated by Harvard University instrument maker Ralph Gerbrands and shipped to Japan in 1952 in response to a request of Professor B. F. Skinner by Japanese psychologists. It is a rare example, perhaps the earliest still physically existing, of such a chamber for use with pigeons. Although the overall structure and many of the components are similar to contemporary pigeon chambers, several differences are noted and contrasted to evolutionary changes in this most important laboratory tool in the experimental analysis of behavior. The chamber also is testimony to the early internationalization of behavior analysis.


Early pigeon chamber Research apparatus B.F. Skinner Japanese psychologists Technology and scientific change 



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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKeio UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA

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