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The Behavior Analyst

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 179–202 | Cite as

Trends in Behavior-Analytic Gambling Research and Treatment

  • Mark R. DixonEmail author
  • Seth W. Whiting
  • Karl F. Gunnarsson
  • Jacob H. Daar
  • Kyle E. Rowsey
Article

Abstract

The purpose of the present review was to analyze research outcomes for all gambling studies reported in the behavior analysis literature. We used the search term “gambling” to identify articles that were published in behaviorally oriented journals between the years 1992 and 2012 and categorized the content of each article as empirical or conceptual. Next, we examined and categorized the empirical articles by inclusion of an experimental manipulation and treatment to alleviate at least some aspect of pathological gambling, participant population used, type of gambling task employed in the research, whether the participants in the study actually gambled, and the behavioral phenomena of interest. The results show that the rate of publication of gambling research has increased in the last 6 years, and a vast majority of articles are empirical. Of the empirical articles, examinations of treatment techniques or methods are scarce; slot machine play is the most represented form of gambling, and slightly greater than half of the research included compensation based on gambling outcomes within experiments. We discuss implications and future directions based on these observations of the published literature.

Keywords

Choice Citation analysis Gambling Pathological gambler Risk 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark R. Dixon
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Seth W. Whiting
    • 1
  • Karl F. Gunnarsson
    • 1
  • Jacob H. Daar
    • 1
  • Kyle E. Rowsey
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Illinois University CarbondaleCarbondaleUSA
  2. 2.Behavior Analysis and Therapy, Rehabilitation InstituteSouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA

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