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Recruitment to Psychiatry in Canada: a COUPE Perspective

  • Elliott Kyung LeeEmail author
  • Alan Bruce Douglass
  • Alexandra Morra
  • Tharshika Thangarasa
  • Natasja M. Menezes
  • Ronald Oswald
  • Raed Jad Hawa
  • Kathryn Fung
  • Karine Forget
  • Nishardi Waidyaratne-Wijeratne
  • Cheryl Murphy
  • Alanna Baillod
  • Debra Michelle Hamer
  • Rajat Jayas
  • Nadine Gagnon
  • Sreelatha Varapravan
  • Nancy Brager
  • Kathleen Pajer
Letter to the Editor

To the Editor:

There is a pervasive shortage of psychiatrists in Canada [1]. Several factors are thought to contribute, including recruitment challenges, lack of incentives, and an aging psychiatrist population [1]. Intrinsic student factors that positively influence recruitment to psychiatry include female gender, neuroticism and openness personality traits, older age, and previous experiences/exposure to mental illness [2]. Extrinsic factors increasing recruitment include high-quality teaching during psychiatry clerkship, longer preclinical and clinical exposure to psychiatry, presence of psychiatry enrichment activities, exposure to outpatient settings with help seeking patients without severe illness, and high student responsibility/autonomy during clinical placements [2, 3, 4]. Given an anticipated shortage of psychiatrists in Canada, the Canadian Organization of Undergraduate Psychiatric Educators (COUPE) examined percentages of students matching to psychiatry from each Canadian...

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the members of the Canadian Organization of Undergraduate Psychiatry Educators (COUPE) for their collaboration on this project and the data acquisition.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Disclosures

Dr. Fung reports personal fees from Allergan, Bristol Myers Squibb, Janssen Ortho, Lundbeck, and Otsuka Pharmaceuticals, outside the submitted work. All other authors have no disclosures to declare.

References

  1. 1.
    Psychiatrists, C.o.O., Help wanted: Ontario needs psychiatrists. Chronic Psychiatry Shortage Contributing to Canada's Mental Health Crisis. 2018. p. 1-10.Google Scholar
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    Farooq K, et al. Why medical students choose psychiatry - a 20 country cross-sectional survey. BMC Med Educ. 2014;14:12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Farooq K, Lydall GJ, Bhugra D. What attracts medical students towards psychiatry? A review of factors before and during medical school. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2013;25(4):371–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Lyons Z. Psychiatry enrichment initiatives: a review of current programs, summer schools, and institutes. Acad Psychiatry. 2017;41(2):266–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Wiesenfeld L, Abbey S, Takahashi SG, Abrahams C. Choosing psychiatry as a career: motivators and deterrents at a critical decision-making juncture. Can J Psychiatry. 2014;59(8):450–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elliott Kyung Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alan Bruce Douglass
    • 1
  • Alexandra Morra
    • 2
  • Tharshika Thangarasa
    • 3
  • Natasja M. Menezes
    • 4
  • Ronald Oswald
    • 5
  • Raed Jad Hawa
    • 3
  • Kathryn Fung
    • 6
  • Karine Forget
    • 7
  • Nishardi Waidyaratne-Wijeratne
    • 2
  • Cheryl Murphy
    • 8
  • Alanna Baillod
    • 9
  • Debra Michelle Hamer
    • 2
  • Rajat Jayas
    • 10
  • Nadine Gagnon
    • 11
  • Sreelatha Varapravan
    • 12
  • Nancy Brager
    • 13
  • Kathleen Pajer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Queen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  3. 3.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  5. 5.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  6. 6.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  7. 7.Université SherbrookeSherbrooke and LongueuilCanada
  8. 8.Dalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  9. 9.University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  10. 10.University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  11. 11.Université LavalQuebec CityCanada
  12. 12.Western UniversityLondonCanada
  13. 13.University of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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