Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 255–257 | Cite as

The Machine Days Are Over: Medicine Metaphors and the Psychiatric Resident

Feature: Perspective


Compliance with Ethical Standards


The author states that there is no conflict of interest.


This work is not funded.


  1. 1.
    Lakoff G, Johnson M. Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 1980.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Landau MJ, Meier BP, Keefer LA. A metaphor-enriched social cognition. Psychol Bull. 2010;136:1045–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hauser DJ, Schwarz N. Medical metaphors matter: experiments can determine the impact of metaphors on bioethical issues. Am J Bioeth AJOB. 2016;16:18–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Diekema DS. Metaphors, medicine, and morals. Sound Interdiscip J. 1989;72:17–24.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aronowitz RA. Residency as metaphor. J Gen Intern Med. 1990;5:84–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chambers T. Metaphors as equipment for living. Am J Bioeth AJOB. 2016;16:12–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Baron RJ. An introduction to medical phenomenology: I can’t hear you while I’m listening. Ann Intern Med. 1985;103:606–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boyle J, Morriss J. THE CRISIS IN MEDICINE: models, myths and metaphors. ETC Rev Gen Semant. 1979;36:261–74.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Periyakoil VS. Using metaphors in medicine. J Palliat Med. 2008;11:842–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Coulehan J. Metaphor and medicine: narrative in clinical practice. Yale J Biol Med. 2003;76:87–95.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sauvayre P, Vegas M. An even hover-reading of Freud: the work of metaphor. Int J Psychoanal. 2016;97:1343–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rosenman S. Metaphor, meaning and psychiatry. Australas Psychiatry Bull R Aust N Z Coll Psychiatr. 2008;16:391–6.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Perrault S, O’Keefe MM. Journeys as shared human experiences. Am J Bioeth AJOB. 2016;16:13–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations