Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 441–447 | Cite as

Mentorship for Residents in Psychiatry: a Competency-based Medical Education Perspective with Career Counseling Tools

  • Jordan Cohen
  • Aliya KassamEmail author
Column: "Down to Earth" Academic Skills

The purpose of this article is to provide some practical ideas to help program directors develop, navigate, and execute the process of establishing a mentorship program during psychiatry residency. An evaluation of this mentorship program with respect to mentee and mentor satisfaction is beyond the scope of this article. The comments are intended to provide guidance, but are not meant to be a rigid recipe. The program was developed by a psychiatry postgraduate residency program director (Dr. Jordan Cohen) in collaboration with an ad hoc resident committee on mentoring. While there is no formal evaluation of resident performance during the mentorship program, the program is competency based in that the mentor provides formative evaluation to ensure the resident achieves competence in addressing patient expectations, is held socially responsible, and pursues professional development areas that are key to career growth ensuring readiness for practice. This mentoring process is...


Emotional Intelligence Mentorship Program Psychiatry Resident Postgraduate Medical Education Residency Program Director 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by in-kind support from the department of psychiatry. On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Frank J. The CanMEDS 2005 physician competency framework. Better standards. Better physicians. Better care. Ottawa: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Frank JR, Snell LS, Cate OT, Holmboe ES, Carraccio C, Swing SR, et al. Competency-based medical education: theory to practice. Med Teach. 2010;32:638–45.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada: CanMEDS 2015: the next evolution of the CanMEDS framework. Ottawa: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; 2013.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fahy BN, Todd SR, Paukert JL, Johnson ML, Bass BL. How accurate is the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) resident survey? Comparison between ACGME and in-house GME survey. J Surg Educ. 2010;67:387–92.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rose SH, Long TR. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annual anesthesiology residency and fellowship program review: a “report card” model for continuous improvement. BMC Med Educ. 2010;10:13.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guerrero LR, Baillie S, Wimmers P, Parker N. Educational experiences residents perceive as most helpful for the acquisition of the ACGME competencies. J Grad Med Educ. 2012;4:176–83.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miller N, MacNew H, Nester J, Wiggins JB, Shealy C, Senkowski C. Jump starting a quality and performance improvement initiative to meet the updated ACGME guidelines. J Surg Educ. 2013;70:758–68.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sambunjak D, Straus SE, Marusic A. Mentoring in academic medicine: a systematic review. [Review] [56 refs]. JAMA. 2006;296:1103–15.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Williams LL, Levine JB, Malhotra S, Holtzheimer P. The good-enough mentoring relationship. Acad Psychiatry. 2004;28:111–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berk RA, Berg J, Mortimer R, Walton-Moss B, Yeo TP. Measuring the effectiveness of faculty mentoring relationships. [Review] [58 refs]. Acad Med. 2005;80:66–71.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lis LD, Wood WC, Petkova E, Shatkin J. Mentoring in psychiatric residency programs: a survey of chief residents. Acad Psychiatry. 2009;33:307–12.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cohen JS, Patten S. Well-being in residency training: a survey examining resident physician satisfaction both within and outside of residency training and mental health in Alberta. BMC Med Educ. 2005;5:21.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rodenhauser P, Rudisill JR, Dvorak R. Skills for mentors and protégés applicable to psychiatry. Acad Psychiatry. 2000;24:14–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sockalingam S, Stergiopoulos V, Maggi J. Residents’ perceived physician-manager educational needs: a national survey of psychiatry residents. Can J Psychiatr Rev Can Psychiatr. 2008;53:745–52.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tor PC, Goh LG, Ang YG, Lim L, Winslow RM, Ng BY, et al. Qualities of a psychiatric mentor: a quantitative Singaporean survey. Acad Psychiatry. 2011;35:407–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Straus S, Sackett D. Mentorship in academic medicine. 1st ed. Oxford: Wiley; 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lieff SJ. Perspective: the missing link in academic career planning and development: pursuit of meaningful and aligned work. Acad Med. 2009;84:1383–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cohen J. Developing teaching tool for “The physician lifecycle”; CanMEDS train the trainer: physician health. Ottawa: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; 2011.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Coverdale JH, Balon R, Roberts LW. Mistreatment of trainees: verbal abuse and other bullying behaviors. Acad Psychiatry. 2009;33:269–73.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Maslach C, Schaufeli WB, Leiter MP. Job burnout. Annu Rev Psychol. 2001;52:397–422.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gopal R, Glasheen JJ, Miyoshi TJ, Prochazka AV. Burnout and internal medicine resident work-hour restrictions. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165:2595–600.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Eckleberry-Hunt J, Lick D, Boura J, Hunt R, Balasubramaniam M, Mulhem E, et al. An exploratory study of resident burnout and wellness. Acad Med. 2009;84:269–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    West CP, Shanafelt TD. Physician well-being and professionalism. Minn Med. 2007;90:44–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lemkau JP, Purdy RR, Rafferty JP, Rudisill JR. Correlates of burnout among family practice residents. J Med Educ. 1988;63:682–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ripp J, Babyatsky M, Fallar R, Bazari H, Bellini L, Kapadia C, et al. The incidence and predictors of job burnout in first-year internal medicine residents: a five-institution study. Acad Med. 2011;86:1304–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cohen J, Kirkham J, Yang H. How to deal with poor trainee behaviour: a 3 dimensional perspective; Canadian Medical Association’s 2nd Conference on Physician Health. Toronto: Canadian Medical Association; 2011.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Puddester D, Flynn L, Cohen J. CanMEDS physician health guide: a practical handbook for physician health and well-being. Ottawa: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; 2009.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    O’Sullivan H, van Mook MW, Fewtrell R, Wass V. Integrating professionalism into the curriculum: AMEE Guide No. 61. Med Teach. 2012;34:e64–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Coverdale JH, Balon R, Roberts LW. Cultivating the professional virtues in medical training and practice. Acad Psychiatry. 2011;35:155–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations