High-performance computing in simulation of milk crown

  • Masao YokoyamaEmail author
  • Kouhei Murotani
  • Genki Yagawa


A high-performance computation with billion scales of the explicit moving particle simulation method is successfully performed for the milk crown phenomena. Through the validation study regarding the size of the particle, it is confirmed that the appropriate size for realizing milk crown should be smaller than 0.05 mm. The simulation results are rather in good agreement with the experimental ones. Namely, the tiny droplet at the tip of the milk crown, which is called the spike, and the generation of spear-type splash, which is the secondary splash formed after the milk crown, are realized well as seen in the experiment.


Splash Milk crown High-performance computing Particle method Numerical simulation 



This research was supported by the MEXT supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities, 2012–2017. This research was financially supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 26390127 and JST CREST project “Development of a Numerical Library based on Hierarchical Domain Decomposition for Post Petascale Simulation.” This research was supported in part by the results of the HPCI Systems Research Projects (Project ID: hp150189) and “Nagoya University High Performance Computing Research Project for Joint Computational Science” in Japan.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© OWZ 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Meisei UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Railway Technical Research InstituteTokyoJapan
  3. 3.University of Tokyo and Toyo UniversityTokyoJapan

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