About the nuclear particles’ structure and dimensions
To better understand the structure of matter, it is not enough to study atoms and molecules. For living matter, it is necessary to study the cell, including the mitochondrial, and for matter in general, it is necessary to determine the elemental elements of the atom, and further those of the nucleus, how the nucleons bind to each other, forming virtually new atomic structures if they have electrons, or new ionic structures if they suffer a lack of electrons. The present study aims to present in an original vision the structure of the nuclear particles and their dimensions, with the possibility of their dynamic determination, depending on the energy of the respective moving particles. The basic idea of the theoretical study is that an elementary particle in motion changes its dimensions according to its linear displacement velocity. The originality of the study consists in using the total kinetic energy of a moving mechanical particle, the energy constituted by the sum of kinetic energy at translation and that of the kinetic energy of rotation around a particle’s own axis. The most important application of the theory presented is the determination of the dimensions and structure of the elementary nuclear particles in order to understand the nuclear phenomena of the nucleus and of the nuclei particles of an atom.
KeywordsElementary particle Structure Dimensions Nuclear energy
List of symbols
The permissive constant (the permittivity): ε0 = 8.85418E−12 (C2/Nm2)
The Planck constant: h = 6.626E−34 (Js)
Electrical elementary load: qe = − 1.6021E−19 (C) qp = + 1.6021E−19 (C)
The light speed in vacuum: c = 2.997925 (m/s)
- m0 (kg)
The rest mass of one particle
The author acknowledges INIS for his research in the field.
This study was not yet funded.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
(On behalf of all authors), the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest, and the work is in compliance with ethical standards.
- 1.Halliday D, Robert R (1966) Physics, Part II, 1st edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 5.Petrescu FIT (2014) Nuclear fusion. Infinite Energy 20(1):44–47Google Scholar
- 6.Petrescu FIT (2012) Cold nuclear fusion. Plasma Physics and Fusion Technology (S70), INIS 44(16)Google Scholar
- 7.Petrescu FIT (2012) Cold nuclear fusion. Create Space Publisher, USA (English version). ISBN 978-1-4782-3426-5Google Scholar
- 13.Petrescu FIT, Petrescu RV (2014) Nuclear green energy. IJAP 10(1):3–14Google Scholar
- 16.Shultis JK, Faw RE (2002) Fundamentals of nuclear science and engineering. CRC Press, New York. ISBN-10: 0824708342Google Scholar
- 17.Krane KS (1987) Introductory nuclear physics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York. ISBN-10: 047180553XGoogle Scholar