About the nuclear particles’ structure and dimensions

  • Florian Ion T. PetrescuEmail author


To better understand the structure of matter, it is not enough to study atoms and molecules. For living matter, it is necessary to study the cell, including the mitochondrial, and for matter in general, it is necessary to determine the elemental elements of the atom, and further those of the nucleus, how the nucleons bind to each other, forming virtually new atomic structures if they have electrons, or new ionic structures if they suffer a lack of electrons. The present study aims to present in an original vision the structure of the nuclear particles and their dimensions, with the possibility of their dynamic determination, depending on the energy of the respective moving particles. The basic idea of the theoretical study is that an elementary particle in motion changes its dimensions according to its linear displacement velocity. The originality of the study consists in using the total kinetic energy of a moving mechanical particle, the energy constituted by the sum of kinetic energy at translation and that of the kinetic energy of rotation around a particle’s own axis. The most important application of the theory presented is the determination of the dimensions and structure of the elementary nuclear particles in order to understand the nuclear phenomena of the nucleus and of the nuclei particles of an atom.


Elementary particle Structure Dimensions Nuclear energy 

List of symbols


The permissive constant (the permittivity): ε0 = 8.85418E−12 (C2/Nm2)


The Planck constant: h = 6.626E−34 (Js)


Electrical elementary load: qe = − 1.6021E−19 (C) qp = + 1.6021E−19 (C)


The light speed in vacuum: c = 2.997925 (m/s)

m0 (kg)

The rest mass of one particle


9.11E−31 (kg)


1.672621898(21)E−27 (kg)


1.674927471(21)E−27 (kg)



The author acknowledges INIS for his research in the field.


This study was not yet funded.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

(On behalf of all authors), the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest, and the work is in compliance with ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© OWZ 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bucharest Polytechnic UniversityBucharestRomania

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