Journal of Fetal Medicine

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 221–224 | Cite as

Foetal Cardiac Anomalies: Experience in a Primary Referral Centre

  • Yogeshkumar S. Chaudhary
  • Sachin Shridhar Patil
Original Article


Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common congenital anomalies reported. Incidence of CHD is 8–9 per 1000 live births in data published from the west. There is very little published data on the incidence of foetal cardiac anomalies in India. We tried to find out incidence and spectrum of foetal cardiac anomalies in second and third trimester during routine ultrasound examination in a primary referral centre. Of 11,760 fetuses in the 2nd and 3rd trimester, 104 were found to have cardiac anomalies with incidence of 8.8 per 1000. Ventricular septal defect was the most common lesion, followed by chamber asymmetries and outlet abnormalities.


Ultrasound (US) examination Congenital heart disease (CHD) Incidence and spectrum Prenatal India 



We thank Dr. Shrikant T. Ambardekar. M.D., Ultrasound clinic, Pimpri, Pune 18. (MH) India, for comments that greatly improved the manuscript.


  1. 1.
    Hoffman JI, Kaplan S. The incidence of congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;39(12):1890–900.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Khalil A, Aggarwal R, Thirupuram S, Arora R. Incidence of congenital heart disease among hospital live births in India. Indian Pediatr. 1994;31(5):519–27.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wanni KA, Shahzad N, Ashraf M, Ahmed K, Jan M, Rasool S. Prevalence and spectrum of congenital heart diseases in children. Heart India. 2014;2(3):76–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Saxena A. Congenital heart disease in India: a status report. Indian J Pediatr. 2005;72(7):595–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saxena A, Soni NR. Foetal echocardiography—where are we? Indian J Pediatr. 2005;72(7):603–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Carvalho JS, Allan LD, Chaoui R, Copel JA, DeVore GR, et al. ISUOG practice guidelines (updated): sonographic screening examination of the fetal heart. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2013;41(3):348–59.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for performance of fetal echocardiography. J Ultrasound Med. 2013;32(6):1067–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rychik J, Ayres N, Cuneo B, Gotteiner N, Hornberger L, et al. American Society of Echocardiography guidelines and standards for performance of the fetal echocardiogram. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004;17(7):803–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Fetal Medicine 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yogeshkumar S. Chaudhary
    • 1
  • Sachin Shridhar Patil
    • 2
  1. 1.Bhakti Sonography ClinicPuneIndia
  2. 2.Niramaya HospitalChinchwad, PuneIndia

Personalised recommendations