Foetal Cardiac Anomalies: Experience in a Primary Referral Centre
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Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common congenital anomalies reported. Incidence of CHD is 8–9 per 1000 live births in data published from the west. There is very little published data on the incidence of foetal cardiac anomalies in India. We tried to find out incidence and spectrum of foetal cardiac anomalies in second and third trimester during routine ultrasound examination in a primary referral centre. Of 11,760 fetuses in the 2nd and 3rd trimester, 104 were found to have cardiac anomalies with incidence of 8.8 per 1000. Ventricular septal defect was the most common lesion, followed by chamber asymmetries and outlet abnormalities.
KeywordsUltrasound (US) examination Congenital heart disease (CHD) Incidence and spectrum Prenatal India
We thank Dr. Shrikant T. Ambardekar. M.D., Ultrasound clinic, Pimpri, Pune 18. (MH) India, for comments that greatly improved the manuscript.