Advertisement

Friction

pp 1–10 | Cite as

Tribological properties of textured stator and PTFE-based material in travelling wave ultrasonic motors

  • Jinbang LiEmail author
  • Shuaishuai Zeng
  • Shuo Liu
  • Ningning Zhou
  • Tao Qing
Open Access
Research Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

This study fabricated textures on the stator surface of a traveling wave ultrasonic motor (USM) using laser and investigated the tribological behavior of a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) composite friction material and stator. Initially, the effect of textures with different densities was tested. As the results suggested, the generation of large transfer films of PTFE composite was prevented by laser surface texturing, and adhesive wear reduced notably despite the insignificant decrease in load capacity and efficiency. Next, the 100-h test was performed to further study the effects of texture. Worn surface and wear debris were observed to discuss wear mechanisms. After 100 h, the form of wear debris changed into particles. The wear mechanisms of friction material sliding against the textured stator were small size fatigue and slight abrasive wear. The wear height of friction material decreased from 3.8 μm to 1.1 μm. This research provides a method to reduce the wear of friction materials used in travelling wave USMs.

Keywords

laser surface texturing ultrasonic motor PTFE-based material friction wear mechanisms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (No. LQ18E050002), Natural Science Foundation of Ningbo (No. 2017A610076) and Beijing Key Laboratory of Long-life Technology of Precise Rotation and Transmission Mechanisms (No. BZ0388201702) for providing research funds and this study was sponsored by K. C.Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University.

References

  1. [1]
    Uchino K. Piezoelectric ultrasonic motors: overview. Smart Mater Struct 7(3): 273–285 (1998)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Duan W H, Quek S T, Wang Q. A novel ring type ultrasonic motor with multiple wavenumbers: Design, fabrication and characterization. Smart Mater Struct 18(12): 125025 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Storck H, Littmann W, Wallaschek J, Mracek M. The effect of friction reduction in presence of ultrasonic vibrations and its relevance to travelling wave ultrasonic motors. Ultrasonics 40(1–8): 379–383 (2002)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Lee D J, Lee S -K, Kim W S. Precise Contour Motion of XY Stage Driven by Ultrasonic Linear Motors in a High Vacuum Environment. Int J Precis Eng Manuf 17(3): 293–301 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Lu X L, Hu J H, Yang L, Zhao C S. A novel dual stator-ring rotary ultrasonic motor. Sens. Actuator A-Phys 189: 504–511 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Chen C, Shi Y, Zhang J, Wang J. Novel Linear Piezoelectric Motor for Precision Position Stage. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering 29 (2): 378–385 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Kim J A, Kim J W, Kang C S, Jin J, Eom T B. Calibration of angle artifacts and instruments using a high precision angle generator. Int J Precis Eng Manuf 14(3): 367–371 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Ho S T, Jan S J. A piezoelectric motor for precision positioning applications. Precis En–J Int Soc Precis Eng Nanotechnol 43: 285–293 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Qu J, Zhang Y, Tian X, Guo W. Mechanical and tribological properties of ekonol blends as frictional materials of ultrasonic motors. Tribology Letters 56(2): 387–395 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Olofsson J L, Johansson F, Jacobson S, S. On the role of tribofilm formation on the alumina drive components of an ultrasonic motor. Wear 267(5–8): 1295–1300 (2009)Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Burris D L. Investigation of the tribological behavior of polytetrafluoroethylene at cryogenic temperatures. Tribol. Trans 51(1): 92–100 (2008)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Fan Y, Ding Q J, Yao Z Y. Properties of potassium titanate whisker reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene-based friction materials of ultrasonic motors. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 125(5): 3313–3317 (2012)Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Ding Q J, Zhao G, Peng H M, Zhang Y D, Li H F. Properties of carbon fiber reinforced poly(vinylidene fluoride)-based friction materials of ultrasonic motors. Polym Compos 37(2): 547–552 (2016)Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Wang Q, Song F, Zhang X, Zhao G, Wang T. Impact of fillers and counterface topography on wear behavior of PTFE polymers for ultrasonic motor. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 134(19): 44835 (2017)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Song F, Yang Z, Zhao G, Wang Q, Zhang X, Wang T. Tribological performance of filled PTFE-based friction material for ultrasonic motor under different temperature and vacuum degrees. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 134(39): 45358 (2017)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Li J B, Qu J J, Zhang Y H. Wear properties of brass and PTFE-matrix composite in travelling wave ultrasonic motors. Wear 338: 385–393 (2015)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Li J, Zhou N, Yu A, Cui Y. Tribological behavior of CF/PTFE composite and anodized Al-rotor in travelling wave ultrasonic motors. Tribology Letters 65(1): 4 (2017)Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Rapoport L, Moshkovich A, Perfilyev V, Lapsker I, Halperin G, Itovich Y, Etsion I. Friction and wear of MoS2 films on laser textured steel surfaces. Surf Coat Technol 202(14): 3332–3340 (2008)Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Shang Q, Yu A, Wu J, Shi C, Niu W. Influence of heat affected zone on tribological properties of CuSn6 bronze laser dimple textured surface. Tribol Int 105: 158–165 (2017)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Xing Y, Deng J, Feng X, Yu S. Effect of laser surface texturing on Si3N4/TiC ceramic sliding against steel under dry friction. Materials & Design 52: 234–245 (2013).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Ye J, Zhang H, Liu X, Liu K. Low wear steel counterface texture design: A case study using micro-pits texture and alumina-ptfe nanocomposite. Tribology Letters 65(4): 165 (2017)Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Vladescu S C, Olver A V, Pegg I G, Reddyhoff T. Combined friction and wear reduction in a reciprocating contact through laser surface texturing. Wear 358–359: 51–61 (2016)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Vladescu S C, Medina S, Olver A V, Pegg I G, Reddyhoff T. Lubricant film thickness and friction force measurements in a laser surface textured reciprocating line contact simulating the piston ring-liner pairing. Tribol Int 98: 317–329 (2016)Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Etsion I. Modeling of surface texturing in hydrodynamic lubrication. Friction 1(3): 195–209 (2013)Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Gropper D, Wang L, Harvey T J. Hydrodynamic lubrication of textured surfaces: A review of modeling techniques and key findings. Tribol Int 94: 509–529 (2016)Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Zhang S, Zeng X, Matthews D T A, Igartua A, Rodriguez-Vidal E, Contreras Fortes J, Saenz De Viteri V, Pagano F, Wadman B, Wiklund E D, Van der Heide E. Selection of micro-fabrication techniques on stainless steel sheet for skin friction. Friction 4(2): 89–104 (2016)Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Zhang S, Zeng X, Matthews D T A, Igartua A, Rodriguez-Vidal E, Contreras Fortes J, Van Der Heide E. Finger pad friction and tactile perception of laser treated, stamped and cold rolled micro-structured stainless steel sheet surfaces. Friction 5(2): 207–218 (2017)Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Vladescu S-C, Ciniero A, Tufail K, Gangopadhyay A, Reddyhoff T. Looking into a laser textured piston ring-liner contact. Tribol Int 115: 140–153 (2017)Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Vladescu S-C, Medina S, Olver A V, Pegg I G, Reddyhoff T. The transient friction response of a laser-textured, reciprocating contact to the entrainment of individual pockets. Tribology Letters 62(2): 19 (2016)Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Vladescu S-C, Olver A V, Pegg I G, Reddyhoff T. The effects of surface texture in reciprocating contacts - An experimental study. Tribol Int 82: 28–42 (2015)Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Braun D, Greiner C, Schneider J, Gumbsch P. Efficiency of laser surface texturing in the reduction of friction under mixed lubrication. Tribol Int 77: 142–147 (2014).Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Goyal R K, Yadav M. Study on wear and friction behavior of graphite flake-filled PTFE composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 127(4): 3186–3191 (2013)Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    Mazza L, Trivella A, Grassi R, Malucelli G. A comparison of the relative friction and wear responses of PTFE and a PTFE-based composite when tested using three different types of sliding wear machines. Tribol Int 90: 15–21 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2018

Open Access: The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinbang Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shuaishuai Zeng
    • 1
  • Shuo Liu
    • 1
  • Ningning Zhou
    • 2
  • Tao Qing
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and MechanicsNingbo UniversityNingboChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Long-life Technology of Precise Rotation and Transmission MechanismsBeijing Institute of Control EngineeringBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations