, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 32–43 | Cite as

Development of a novel cycling impact–sliding wear rig to investigate the complex friction motion

  • Zhenbing CaiEmail author
  • Zhiqiang Chen
  • Yang Sun
  • Jianying Jin
  • Jinfang Peng
  • Minhao Zhu
Open Access
Research Article


In many industrial devices, impact-sliding wear is caused by a variety of complex vibrations between the contacted interfaces. Under actual conditions, impact and sliding motions do not occur in only one direction, and different complex impact-sliding motions exist on the tribology surfaces. In this study, an impact-sliding wear test rig is developed to investigate the wear effect of different complex motions. Using this rig, multi-type impact-sliding wear effects are realized and measured, such as those derived from unidirectional, reciprocating, and multi-mode combination motions. These three types of impact–sliding wear running behavior are tested and the wear damage mechanism is discussed.


impact–sliding wear wear test rig complex friction motions wear damage mechanism 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51375407, U1530136, and 51627806), and by the Young Scientific Innovation Team of Science and Technology of Sichuan (No. 2017TD0017).


  1. [1]
    Sawyer W G, Argibay N, Burris D L, Krick B A. Mechanistic studies in friction and wear of bulk materials. Annu Rev Mater Res 44(1): 395–427 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Zhu M H, Zhou Z R. Dual-motion fretting wear behaviour of 7075 aluminium alloy. Wear 255(1–6): 269–275 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Zhu M H, Zhou Z R, Kapsa P, Vincent L. An experimental investigation on composite fretting mode. Tribol Int 34(11): 733–738 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Cai Z B, Zhu M H, Zhou Z R. An experimental study of torsional fretting behaviors of LZ50 steel. Tribol Int 43(1–2): 361–369 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Cai Z B, Zhang G A, Zhu Y K, Shen M X, Wang L P, Zhu M H. Torsional fretting wear of a biomedical Ti6Al7Nb alloy for nitrogen ion implantation in bovine serum. Tribol Int 59: 312–320 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Cai Z B, Guan H D, Chen Z Q, Qian H, Tang L C, Zhou Z R, Zhu M H. Impact fretting wear behavior of 304 stainless steel thin-walled tubes under low-velocity. Tribol Int 105: 219–228 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Lin Y W, Cai Z B, Chen Z Q, Qian H, Tang L C, Xie Y C, Zhu M H. Effect of diameter thickness ratio on alloy Zr-4 tube under impact fretting. Mater Today Commun 8: 79–90 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Sun Y, Cai Z B, Chen Z Q, Qian H, Tang L C, Xie Y C, Zhou Z R, Zhu M H. Impact fretting wear of Inconel 690 tube with different supporting structure under cycling low kinetic energy. Wear 376–377: 625–633 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Chen H, Zhao D, Wang Q L, Qiang Y H, Qi J W. Effects of impact energy on the wear resistance and work hardening mechanism of medium manganese austenitic steel. Friction, in press. doi: 10.1007/s40544-017-0158-6 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Attia M H, Magel E. Experimental investigation of longterm fretting wear of multi-span steam generator tubes with U-bend sections. Wear 225–229: 563–574 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Green S J, Hetsroni G. PWR steam generators. Int J Multiph Flow 21 Suppl 1: 1–97 (1995)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Lemaire E, Le Calvar M. Evidence of tribocorrosion wear in pressurized water reactors. Wear 249(5–6): 338–344 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Hong S M, Kim I S. Impact fretting wear of alloy 690 tubes at 25 °C and 290 °C. Wear 259(1–6): 356–360 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Attia H, Gessesse Y B, Osman M O M. New parameter for characterizing and correlating impact-sliding fretting wear to energy dissipation-experimental investigation. Wear 263(1–6): 419–429 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Attia H. A generalized fretting wear theory. Tribol Int 42(9): 1380–1388 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Zhang H Y, Lu Y H, Ma M, Li J. Effect of precipitated carbides on the fretting wear behavior of Inconel 600 alloy. Wear 315(1–2): 58–67 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Ko P L, Wozniewski A, Zhou P A. Wear-corrosion-resistant materials for mechanical components in harsh environments. Wear 162–164: 721–732 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Zhou J B, Liu J H, Ouyang H J, Cai Z B, Peng J F, Zhu M H. Anti-loosening performance of coatings on fasteners subjected to dynamic shear load. Friction, in press. doi: 10.1007/s40544-017-0160-z (2017)Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Rigaud E, Le Bot A. Influence of incidence angle on wear induced by sliding impacts. Wear 307(1–2): 68–74 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Chen Y, Nie X Y, Leyland A, Housden J, Matthews A. Substrate and bonding layer effects on performance of DLC and TiN biomedical coatings in Hank’s solution under cyclic impact–sliding loads. Surf Coat Technol 237: 219–229 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Chen Y, Nie X Y. Study on fatigue and wear behaviors of a TiN coating using an inclined impact-sliding test. Surf Coat Technol 206(7): 1977–1982 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Ramalho A, Kapsa P, Bouvard G, Abry J C, Yoshida T, Charpentier M, Bourgeois M. Effect of temperatures up to 400 °C on the impact-sliding of valve-seat contacts. Wear 267(5–8): 777–780 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Reynier B, Phalippou C, Riberty P, Sornin J. Influence of a periodic latency time on the impact/sliding wear damage of two PWR control rods and guide cards specimens. Wear 259(7–12): 1314–1323 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Levy G, Morri J. Impact fretting wear in CO2-based environments. Wear 106(1–3): 97–138 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2017

Open Access: The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenbing Cai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhiqiang Chen
    • 1
  • Yang Sun
    • 1
  • Jianying Jin
    • 1
  • Jinfang Peng
    • 1
  • Minhao Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Tribology Research Institute, Key Lab of Advanced Technologies of MaterialsSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

Personalised recommendations