Friction

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 65–71 | Cite as

Mechanical strength of soda-lime glass sandblasted by gravitation

  • Fouad Roumili
  • Saci Benbahouche
  • Jean-Christophe Sangleboeuf
Open Access
Research Article

Abstract

Damage to a glass surface by sandblasting has a remarkable effect on its mechanical properties and strength. In this study, we analyze the superficial deterioration of soda-lime glass and its influence on the mechanical strength. Sandblasting by gravitation from a fixed height causes damages by the free fall of different quantities of sand, which we performed for a selected grain size and at different angles of inclination. To characterize the surface state, we used different roughness measures (the arithmetic mean value of the roughness R a, the root mean square roughness R q, and the maximum roughness R max) and measured the optical transmission (transmittance) at different points on the specimen surface using a profilometer. To determine the mechanical strength, we proceeded by two methods: first, by a shock ball (falling ball), and then by biaxial bending using circular supports. The effects of the surface damage on the optical transmission and the mechanical strength of the glass are graphically presented and discussed in this paper.

Keywords

sandblasting mechanical strength roughness soda lime glass 

References

  1. [1]
    Zarzycki J. In Le verre et l’état vitreux. Paris: Edition Masson, 1982: 300–324.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Uhlmann D R, Kreidel N. Glass Science and Technology Elasticity and Strength in Glass. London: Edition Academic Press, 1980: 21–75.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Scholtze H. In Le verre (Nature, Structure et Propriétés). Paris: Edition Institut de Verre, 1980: 218–238.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Mould R E, Southwick R D. Strength and static fatigue of abraded glass under controlled ambient conditions. J Am Cer Soc 42: 542–547 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ludwig M A, Stoner R B. Quantitative abrasion resistance of optical coating and surfaces. J Appl Phys 60: 4277 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Benbahouche S, Roumili F, Seghir A, Zegadi R. Mechanical strength of soda-lime glass damaged by sand graviatation. In 6th Conference European Science of Glass, Montpellier, France, 2002: 174.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Benbahouche S, Roumili F, Zegadi R. Mechanical strength of tempered soda-lime glass damaged by sand graviatation, determined by bending with circular supports. Glass Technol 43C: 286–289 (2002)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Sadi A. Influence de l’état de surface sur la résistance mécanique du verre. In Thèse de Magister, IOMP, U.F.A. Sétif, Algerie, 1987: 45–47.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Novotny, Vich, Kubista. Résistance en flexion et au choc de quelques verres industriels. Silikaty 22: 329–346 (1978)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Manuel pour la fabrication du verre. Moscou, U.R.S.S, 1963: 5705–5729.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Reports by the technical committee of the society glass technology, 1969.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Standard methods of flexure testing of glass. A.S.T.M.C., 1982: 103–112.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Benbahouche S, Roumili F, Aliouane A, Sangleboeuf J-C. Mechanical strength of glass ground by various fractions. Eur J Glass Sci Technol A 51(5): 202–204 (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fouad Roumili
    • 1
  • Saci Benbahouche
    • 1
  • Jean-Christophe Sangleboeuf
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Mécanique de Précision Appliquée, Institut d’Optique et Mécanique de PrécisionUniversité Ferhat AbbasSétifAlgérie
  2. 2.Institut de Physique de RennesUMR CNRS 6251, Bât. 10BRennes cedexFrance

Personalised recommendations