Inflammatory biomarkers and frailty among older hospitalized patients: author’s response

  • Ying Yang
  • Qiukui Hao
  • Birong DongEmail author
Letter to the Editor


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Statement of human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Gerontology and GeriatricsChengdu Fifth People’s HospitalChengduChina
  2. 2.Chengdu-Montpellier Geriatric Research CenterChengduChina
  3. 3.National Clinical Research Center for GeriatricsChengduChina
  4. 4.Department of Geriatrics, The Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics, West China HospitalSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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