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Betwixt and between: a surgical post-acute treatment unit (SPA) for the optimal care of elderly patients with isolated hip fractures

  • Jody C. DiGiacomoEmail author
  • L. D. George Angus
  • Sara Cardozo-Stolberg
  • Raina Wallace
  • Noam Gerber
  • Swapna Munnangi
  • Shyni Charley
  • Karen McGlynn
Article
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Abstract

Background

A performance improved project identified elderly trauma patients to have a disproportionate incidence of complications.

Aims

The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a small specialty care unit to decrease complications in patients who no longer warrant care in an intensive care unit (ICU).

Methods

A surgical post-acute treatment unit (SPA) was developed with focused attention to cognition, nutrition, respiration, and mobilization needs of patients who no longer had physiologic need for an intensive care unit environment, but were still in need of increased attention at the bedside.

Results

While ICU and hospital lengths of stay were unchanged, patients placed in the SPA experienced less complications and required less unplanned ICU re-admissions.

Discussion

Geriatric patients, especially the elderly, are not simply old adults. They have unique needs as a consequence of the aging process, which can be encompassed by four pillars of intercession: cognition, nutrition, respiration, and mobilization.

Conclusions

By adapting a physical environment supported by bedside attention to address the interwoven needs of geriatric and elderly patients who no longer care in an ICU, complications and unplanned return admissions to the ICU can be decreased.

Level of evidence

III.

Keywords

Geriatric Elderly Trauma Hip fracture Complications 

Notes

Author contributions

JD: Study concept and design; acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data; drafting of manuscript; critical revision of manuscript. LDGA: Study concept and design; acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data; critical revision of manuscript. SCS: Study concept and design; critical revision of manuscript. RW: Acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data, drafting of manuscript. NG: Acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data, drafting of manuscript. SM: Acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data, drafting of manuscript. SC: Study concept and design; critical revision of manuscript. KM: Study concept and design; critical revision of manuscript.

Funding

No funding was received.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. DiGiacomo declares that he has no conflict of interests. Dr. Angus declares the he has no conflict of interests. Ms. Cardozo-Stolberg declares that she has no conflict of interests. Dr. Wallace declares that she has no conflict of interests. Mr. Gerber declares that he has no conflict of interests. Dr. Munnangi declares that she has no conflict of interests. Ms. Charley declares that she has no conflict of interests. Ms. McGlynn declares that she has no conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

This project was IRB approved as exempt.

Statement of human and animal rights

This article represents a retrospective review, approved by the Institutional Review Board of Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, New York.

Informed consent

Informed consent was not required as this project was a retrospective review.

Availability of Data and Material

De-identified data and material can be provided upon request.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of TraumaNassau University Medical CenterEast MeadowUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryNassau University Medical CenterEast MeadowUSA
  3. 3.Department of NursingNassau University Medical CenterEast MeadowUSA

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