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Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 441–447 | Cite as

Effect of body mass index and fat mass on balance force platform measurements during a one-legged stance in older adults

  • Camila Pereira
  • Rubens A. da Silva
  • Marcio R. de Oliveira
  • Rejane D. N. Souza
  • Renata J. Borges
  • Edgar R. Vieira
Original Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) and fat mass on balance force platform measurements in older adults. The sample consisted of 257 participants who were stratified into four groups by BMI: low weight, normal weight, pre-obesity and obesity. For fat mass variables, older individuals were classified into low and high-fat mass. All groups investigated performed three trials of one-legged stance balance on a force platform. Center of pressure (COP) domain parameters were computed from the mean across trials. Analysis of variance results revealed no significant interactions for groups and sexes for all COP parameters. Comparable balance results were found for BMI and fat groups for all COP parameters. A statistical effect (P < 0.05) was only reported for sex differences for COP parameters, regardless of BMI and fat mass variables. Overall, women presented better balance than men. In conclusion, BMI and fat mass do not seem to influence the balance of older adults during a one-leg stance task.

Keywords

Postural control Obesity Body adiposity Aging Biomechanics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Rubens A. da Silva, research grant recipient from the National Foundation for the Development of Private Higher Education (FUNADESP, Brazil). All elderly volunteers for their willingness and participation in the project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflicts of interest are declared for any author.​

Ethical approval

The protocol and the consent form had been previously approved by the local Ethics committee UNOPAR (CEP/ protocol PP070/09).

Informed consent

The participants were informed about the experimental protocol and the potential risks of the study and gave written consent before their participation.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camila Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rubens A. da Silva
    • 1
    • 5
  • Marcio R. de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Rejane D. N. Souza
    • 1
  • Renata J. Borges
    • 1
  • Edgar R. Vieira
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance, LAFUP, Center for Health Science Research, Master and Doctoral Programs in Rehabilitation Sciences UEL/UNOPARUniversidade Norte do Paraná (UNOPAR)LondrinaBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná (UENP)JacarezinhoBrazil
  3. 3.Doctoral Program in Physical EducationUEL/UEMLondrinaBrazil
  4. 4.Physical Therapy and Neuroscience Departments, Wertheims’ Colleges of Nursing and Health Sciences and MedicineFlorida International University (FIU)MiamiUSA
  5. 5.Département des Sciences de la SantéProgramme de physiothérapie de l’université McGill offert en extension à l’UQACSaguenayCanada

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