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Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1035–1046 | Cite as

Nordic walking in the second half of life

  • Katarzyna Skórkowska-TelichowskaEmail author
  • Katarzyna Kropielnicka
  • Katarzyna Bulińska
  • Urszula Pilch
  • Marek Woźniewski
  • Andrzej Szuba
  • Ryszard Jasiński
Review

Abstract

Objectives

The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the effectiveness and safety of Nordic walking (NW) in therapeutic rehabilitation in patients of an advanced age.

Methods

Randomized studies comparing NW with different patterns of long-lasting physical rehabilitation in older adults (average age 65 years) were selected for the review. Studies were identified through a Medline database search covering the last 21 years.

Results

Seventy-four studies on this subject were identified, 37 of them fulfilled the required criteria and 27 of these were analyzed in this review.

Discussion

Nordic walking provides a safe and effective way to enhance physical activity in the elderly. It could also serve as a method of rehabilitation that improves fitness, the performance and the exercise capacity of aged persons with diseases associated with an advanced age: cardiovascular diseases due to atherosclerosis; metabolic syndrome without diabetes; early stage Parkinson’s disease; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lowering depression in women with Sjögren’s Syndrome.

Keywords

Physical rehabilitation Elderly Diseases of advanced age Atherosclerosis Metabolic syndrome Parkinson’s disease 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This publication is part of Project “WroVasc—Integrated Cardiovascular Centre”, co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund, within the Innovative Economy Operational Program, 2007–2013 realized in the Regional Specialist Hospital, Research and Development Center in Wroclaw.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None declared.

Statement of human and animal rights

Ethics Committee approval was obtained from the local bioethics committee (Bioethics Committee, Wroclaw Medical University, no. 130/2008 KB).

Informed consent

All the patients were provided with written information on the purpose and design of the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katarzyna Skórkowska-Telichowska
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Katarzyna Kropielnicka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Katarzyna Bulińska
    • 1
    • 2
  • Urszula Pilch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marek Woźniewski
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrzej Szuba
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ryszard Jasiński
    • 2
  1. 1.WroVasc-Integrated Medical Cardio-Vascular Centre, Regional Specialist Hospital in WroclawResearch and Development CentreWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Department of RehabilitationSchool of Physical Education in WroclawWroclawPoland
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine4th Military HospitalWroclawPoland
  4. 4.Division of AngiologyWroclaw Medical UniversityWroclawPoland

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