Effects of vestibular rehabilitation in the elderly: a systematic review
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Aging is characterized by gradual physiological changes in body systems. Changes in the vestibular system can occur and cause dizziness, vertigo and imbalance, symptoms that are common in the elderly. Vestibular rehabilitation is a therapeutic resource that has been widely used to improve this condition.
To complete a systematic review of the effects of vestibular rehabilitation on the elderly.
A search for relevant publications was conducted in SCIELO, PUBMED, MEDLINE, COCHRANE and LILACS databases. Clinical trials and cohort studies that were written in the English language and published over the course of the last 10 years were selected. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed using the PEDro scale. A critical analysis of the studies was composed.
Eight studies that involved subjects who were over the age of 60 were selected for inclusion in the systematic review. The most common vestibular dysfunction identified was complaints about dizziness and imbalance. The Dizziness Handicap Inventory was the most frequently used assessment instrument, and the treatment protocol that prevailed was that suggested by Cawthorne and Cooksey.
The PEDro scale showed that only one article was of an acceptable methodological quality and presented satisfactory outcome measures. This was due, in part, to a lack of a hidden randomization, masking of the subject, evaluators and therapists, and lack of outcome measures, which can reduce the quality of the evidence presented in this study.
Clinical trials indicate that vestibular rehabilitation represents an effective means of treating elderly patients with vestibular disorders; however, evidence of its effectiveness remains lacking.
KeywordsThe vestibular system Rehabilitation Elderly Dizziness
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflict of interest. The authors are solely responsible for the content and writing of the article.
Statement of human and animal rights
Our study is a review and does not a experimental study with human or animals. However, the studies reported involved human participants. The articles, which us using for this review were approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and performed in accordance with the ethical standards as, laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
We observed the informed consent statement on studies related.
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