Advertisement

Orthorexic eating behavior in vegans is linked to health, not to animal welfare

  • Friederike BarthelsEmail author
  • Saskia Poerschke
  • Romina Müller
  • Reinhard Pietrowsky
Brief Report
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Orthorexia Nervosa

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to analyze the association between the importance of several reasons to follow a vegan diet and the degree of orthorexic eating behavior in a sample of vegan individuals (N = 65, 53.8% women, age: M = 28.22 (SD = 9.13) years, BMI: M = 22.91 (SD = 3.44) kg/m2).

Results

The results reveal that orthorexic eating behavior is associated with the importance of the underlying motives health, esthetics and healing, whereas animal welfare, politics and ecology are not linked to orthorexia.

Conclusion

Hence, this study reveals that a vegan lifestyle is not per se associated with orthorexic eating behavior, but rather that it varies with the underlying motivation for following a vegan diet.

Keywords

Orthorexic eating behavior Orthorexia Veganism Motives Health 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely thank Timo Falkenberg for his valuable assistance with language revision.

Funding

The study has not been funded.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. In Germany, in the case of studies only involving questionnaires on general topics, a formal approval from a research ethics committee is not required.

Informed consent

All individual participants included in the study were informed about protection of their data and voluntariness of the participation and gave their consent.

References

  1. 1.
    Bratman S, Knight D (2000) Health food junkies: overcoming the obsession with healthful eating. Broadway Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dunn TM, Bratman S (2016) On orthorexia nervosa: a review of the literature and proposed diagnostic criteria. Eat Behav 21:11–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.12.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barthels F, Meyer F, Pietrowsky R (2018) Orthorexic and restrained eating behaviour in vegans, vegetarians, and individuals on a diet. Eat Weight Disord 23:159–166.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0479-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brytek-Matera A, Czepczor-Bernat K, Jurzak H, Kornacka M, Kołodziejczyk N (2018) Strict health-oriented eating patterns (orthorexic eating behaviours) and their connection with a vegetarian and vegan diet. Eat Weight Disord.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0563-5 Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The Vegan Society (2018) Definition of veganism. https://www.vegansociety.com/go-vegan/definition-veganism. Accessed 19 Nov 2018
  6. 6.
    Ruby MB (2012) Vegetarianism. A blossoming field of study. Appetite 58:141–150.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2011.09.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Janssen M, Busch C, Rödiger M, Hamm U (2016) Motives of consumers following a vegan diet and their attitudes towards animal agriculture. Appetite 105:643–651.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.06.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Micha R, Wallace SK, Mozaffarian D (2010) Red and processed meat consumption and risk of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus. Circulation 121:2271–2283.  https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.924977 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Barthels F, Meyer F, Pietrowsky R (2015) Die Düsseldorfer Orthorexie Skala—Konstruktion und Evaluation eines Fragebogens zur Erfassung orthorektischen Ernährungsverhaltens. Z Klin Psychol Psychother 44:97–105.  https://doi.org/10.1026/1616-3443/a000310 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Barthels F (2014) Orthorektisches Ernährungsverhalten—Psychologische Untersuchungen zu einem neuen Störungsbild [Orthorexic eating behavior – psychological research on a new disorder]. Heinrich Heine University, unpublished doctoral dissertation, DüsseldorfGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Experimental Psychology, Department of Clinical PsychologyHeinrich Heine University DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany

Personalised recommendations