Personality traits associated with eating disorders and obesity in young Argentineans
- 115 Downloads
Few studies have been conducted on Latin American population to explore how facets of personality, eating disorders, and obesity are related. The main purpose of this study was to explore the personality traits among patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (n = 23), bulimia nervosa (n = 32), and obesity (n = 16), in comparison to control group (n = 82).
A total of 153 individuals participated in the study, 125 were female (81.7%) and 28 were male (18.3%). Participants’ ages ranged between 18 and 37 years (mean 24.21, SD 4.84) and they were all native Spanish speakers, living in the city of Córdoba, Argentina. Participants completed the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 and the IPIP-NEO Personality Inventory.
In this study, the subjects diagnosed with anorexia in comparison to control group showed high and significant scores in neuroticism and openness to experience and low scores on agreeableness, conscientiousness, and extraversion. For their part, the subjects diagnosed with bulimia, in comparison to the control group, had higher and significant scores on neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Lastly, the patients with obesity in comparison to the control group presented high and significant scores on neuroticism and low and significant scores on agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to experience.
The results obtained from this study support previous research devoted to the study of eating disorders and obesity. This situation favors the valid and relevant nature of the study of personality traits as factors that contribute to explaining behavior disorders associated with eating pathologies. This is a preliminary and necessary step for future research to examine the risky combination of personality traits and anorexia, bulimia, and obesity in the local context using a larger and more generalized sample.
KeywordsPersonality traits Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Obesity
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
An informed consent was obtained from every participants included in the study.
- 3.Rosenblum J, Venkatesh RD (2017) Obesity. In: Goldstein M (ed) The MassGeneral Hospital for children adolescent medicine handbook. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
- 5.Kessler RC, Berglund PA, Chiu WT, Deitz AC, Hudson JI, Shahly V, Xavier M (2013) The prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in the World Health Organization world mental health surveys. Biol Psychiatry 73(9):904–914. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.11.020 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 7.Rosenvinge JH, Friborg O, Kaiser S, Martinussen M (2017) Catching the moving target of adolescent personality and its disorders. A commentary on the article (https://doi.org10.1007/s40519-017-0368-y) by Gaudio and Dakanalis: what about the assessment of personality disturbance in adolescents with eating disorders? Eat Weight Disord 22(3):559–561. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-017-0402-0 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 9.Chouinard VA, Pingali SM, Chouinard G, Henderson DC, Mallya SG, Cypess AM, Cohen BM, Öngür D (2016) Factors associated with overweight and obesity in schizophrenia, schizoaffective and bipolar disorders. Psychiatry Res 237:304–310. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-016-0345-x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 20.Garner DM (1991) The Eating Disorder Inventory 2. Psychological Assessment Resources, OdessaGoogle Scholar
- 21.Mislevy RJ, Bock RD (1990) BILOG 3: item analysis and test scoring with binary logistic regression models. Scientific Software, MooresvilleGoogle Scholar
- 23.Goldberg LR (1999) A broad-bandwidth public domain personality inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models. In: Mervielde I, Deary I, De Fruyt F, Ostendorf F (eds) Personality psychology in Europe 7. Tilburg University Press, Tilburg, pp 7–28Google Scholar
- 25.Cupani M, Pilatti A, Urrizaga A, Chincolla A, de Minzi MCR (2014) Inventario de personalidad IPIP-NEO: estudios preliminares de adaptación al español en estudiantes argentinos. Revista Mexicana de Investigación en Psicología 6:55–73Google Scholar
- 26.Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS (2013) Using multivariate statistics, 6th edn. Pearson, BostonGoogle Scholar
- 27.Cohen J (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, 2nd edn. Lawrence Erlbaum, HillsdaleGoogle Scholar