The Turkish Palatable Eating Motives Scale (T-PEMS): utility in predicting binge-eating eating and obesity risk in university students

  • Ayşe And
  • Maria D. Sylvester
  • Bulent Turan
  • Doruk Uysal Irak
  • Mary Katherine Ray
  • Mary M. BoggianoEmail author
Brief Report


Highly palatable foods and drinks (PFs) tend to be high in fat, high in sugar, and calorie-dense while lacking in nutrient quality. Habitual consumption of these foods, especially in the absence of hunger or metabolic need, contributes to obesity and is characteristic of binge-type eating disorders [1, 2]. The Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS) identifies Social, Coping, Reward Enhancement, and Conformity motives for eating PFs. In studies conducted in American university students, more frequent intake of PFs for Coping is consistently associated with higher current BMI, weight gain over time [3], body dissatisfaction, and, along with higher Conformity and Reward Enhancement scores, with more severe binge-eating [4, 5].

However, little is known about the motives for eating PFs in more collectivistic societies where obesity and eating disorders are also a problem [6, 7]. Turkey is unique in that it ranks midway between other collectivistic countries and the USA in...


Compliance with ethical standards


This study was supported in part by NIH training Grants (P30 DK056336, P30 DK079626, and T32 HL105349-07).

Conflict of interest

Ayşe And declares no conflict of interest. Maria Sylvester declares no conflict of interest. Bulent Turan declares no conflict of interest. Doruk Uysal Irak declares no conflict of interest. Mary Katherine Ray declares no conflict of interest. Mary Boggiano declares no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayşe And
    • 1
  • Maria D. Sylvester
    • 2
  • Bulent Turan
    • 2
  • Doruk Uysal Irak
    • 1
  • Mary Katherine Ray
    • 2
  • Mary M. Boggiano
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBahçeşehir UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyThe University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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