Reduced sleep duration affects body composition, dietary intake and quality of life in obese subjects

  • Eleonora PoggiogalleEmail author
  • Carla Lubrano
  • Lucio Gnessi
  • Chiara Marocco
  • Luca Di Lazzaro
  • Giampaolo Polidoro
  • Federica Luisi
  • Gianluca Merola
  • Stefania Mariani
  • Silvia Migliaccio
  • Andrea Lenzi
  • Lorenzo M. Donini
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Sleep and Eating and Weight disorders



Sleep duration has emerged as a crucial factor affecting body weight and feeding behaviour. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship among sleep duration, body composition, dietary intake, and quality of life (QoL) in obese subjects.


Body composition was assessed by DXA. “Sensewear Armband” was used to evaluate sleep duration. SF-36 questionnaire was used to evaluate quality of life (QoL). A 3-day dietary record was administered. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: sleep duration > and ≤300 min/day.


137 subjects (105 women and 32 men), age: 49.8 ± 12.4 years, BMI: 38.6 ± 6.7 kg/m2, were enrolled. Sleep duration was ≤300 min in 30.6 % of subjects. Absolute and relative fat mass (FM) (40.5 ± 9 vs. 36.5 ± 9.1 kg; 40.2 ± 4.7 vs. 36.9 ± 5.6 %), and truncal fat mass (19.2 ± 6.1 vs. 16.6 ± 5 kg; 38.6 ± 5.3 vs. 35.2 ± 5.5 %) were higher in subjects sleeping ≤300 min when compared to their counterparts (all p < 0.05), whereas just a tendency towards a higher BMI was observed (p = 0.077). Even though energy intake was not different between groups, subjects sleeping ≤300 min reported a higher carbohydrate consumption per day (51.8 ± 5.1 vs. 48.4 ± 9.2 %, p = 0.038). SF-36 total score was lower in subjects sleeping ≤300 min (34.2 ± 17.8 vs. 41.4 ± 12.9, p = 0.025). Sleep duration was negatively associated with FM (r = −0.25, p = 0.01) and SF-36 total score (r = −0.31, p < 0.001). The inverse association between sleep duration and SF-36 total score was confirmed by the regression analysis after adjustment for BMI and fat mass (R = 0.43, R 2 = 0.19, p = 0.012).


Reduced sleep duration negatively influences body composition, macronutrient intake, and QoL in obese subjects.


Sleep Body composition Dietary intake Quality of life Obesity 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

Ethical approval

The study protocol was approved by the Ethical Committee of the ‘‘Sapienza’’ University of Rome

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all participants.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleonora Poggiogalle
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carla Lubrano
    • 1
  • Lucio Gnessi
    • 1
  • Chiara Marocco
    • 1
  • Luca Di Lazzaro
    • 1
  • Giampaolo Polidoro
    • 1
  • Federica Luisi
    • 1
  • Gianluca Merola
    • 1
  • Stefania Mariani
    • 1
  • Silvia Migliaccio
    • 2
  • Andrea Lenzi
    • 1
  • Lorenzo M. Donini
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, Food Science and Human Nutrition Research Unit, Department of Experimental Medicine“Sapienza” University, RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Endocrinology Unit, Department of Movement, Human and Health SciencesUniversity of “Foro Italico”RomeItaly

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