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The DSM-5 effect: psychological characteristics of new patients affected by Binge Eating Disorder following the criteria of the DSM-5 in a sample of severe obese patients

  • Piergiuseppe VinaiEmail author
  • Annalisa Da Ros
  • Silvia Cardetti
  • Halpern Casey
  • Stacia Studt
  • Nicola Gentile
  • Anna Tagliabue
  • Luisa Vinai
  • Paolo Vinai
  • Cecilia Bruno
  • Giovanni Mansueto
  • Sara Palmieri
  • Maurizio Speciale
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The current study evaluated whether or not there were significant differences in psychopathological traits between three groups of individuals. The first was a group of patients seeking bariatric surgery diagnosed as being affected by Binge Eating Disorder (BED), according to the new criteria of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. This group (NEW BED group) did not meet BED diagnosis following the previous criteria listed in the DSM-IV-TR. The second group of individuals was composed of severely obese patients seeking bariatric surgery not affected by an eating disorder, according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-5 (OB group). The third group was composed of individuals within a healthy weight range (Control group).

Methods

94 severely obese patients (33 in the NEW BED group and 61 in the OB group) were compared to the Control group including 41 participants on depression, anxiety and eating habits.

Results

The NEW BED scored significantly higher than the OB group on the Beck Depression Inventory, both the subscales of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, on disinhibition and hunger subscales of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and on many subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory.

Conclusions

The new, less restrictive diagnostic criteria for BED of the DSM-5 are useful in identifying obese patients affected by severe psychopathology and dysfunctional eating habits.

Keywords

Binge Eating Disorder Obesity DSM-5 diagnostic criteria DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria Psychopathology 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors have no conflicts of interest and all of them were not funded to perform this study.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

I declare that informed consent was obtained by all individuals included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piergiuseppe Vinai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
    Email author
  • Annalisa Da Ros
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Silvia Cardetti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Halpern Casey
    • 4
  • Stacia Studt
    • 5
  • Nicola Gentile
    • 3
  • Anna Tagliabue
    • 6
  • Luisa Vinai
    • 2
  • Paolo Vinai
    • 2
  • Cecilia Bruno
    • 2
  • Giovanni Mansueto
    • 2
  • Sara Palmieri
    • 2
  • Maurizio Speciale
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.“Studi Cognitivi” Post Graduate Cognitive Psychotherapy School Research GroupMilanItaly
  2. 2.“GNOSIS” No Profit Research and Psychotherapy GroupMondovìItaly
  3. 3.Eating Disorders and Obesity Surgery ULSS 13Mirano-DoloItaly
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.NYC DOHMH (Department of Health and Mental Hygiene)New YorkUSA
  6. 6.Department of Health Sciences, Human Nutrition, Eating Disorders Research CenterUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  7. 7.Magliano AlpiItaly

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