Quality of life as a mediator in the association between body mass index and negative emotionality in overweight and obese non-clinical sample
- 120 Downloads
The present study investigates the differences in physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among overweight and obese people, as well as the correlates of HRQoL in this population and the association between BMI, depression, anxiety, and potential mediating effects of HRQoL.
The research was conducted on a sample of overweight and obese adults who visited their primary care physician. A total of 143 women and 130 men were enrolled in the study, 43 % of the subjects were overweight, and 57 % of the subjects were obese. The subjects ranged in age between 21 and 60 years. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and HRQoL was evaluated using the Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 36.
The analysis of variance results showed that women in comparison to men have lower physical HRQoL (e.g. worst physical functioning, more bodily pain), and that severely obese patients have lower physical HRQoL in comparison to overweight ones. The regression analysis results indicated that some of the aspects of physical HRQoL (e.g. physical functioning, role limitations) mediate the relationship between BMI and depression only in women. The higher level of body mass decreased the physical HRQoL, which became a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms.
The results from the present study show that a different pattern of functioning exists between men and women. It is important to identify the factors that can effectively motivate and stimulate obese people to change their lifestyle and to consider the differences in psychological functioning between women and men.
KeywordsHealth-related quality of life Depression Anxiety BMI
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
This study was approved by Ethical committee of Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in Rijeka, Croatia.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- 1.Croatian Obesity Society. Retrieved from: http://hdd-hlz.org/epidemiologija-debljine/
- 8.Stunkard AJ, Sobal J (1995) Psychosocial consequences of obesity. In: Brownell KD, Fairburn CG (eds) Eating disorders and obesity. Guilford Press, New York, pp 417–421Google Scholar
- 12.Barry D, Pietrzak RH, Petry NM (2008) Gender differences in associations between body mass index and DSM-IV mood and anxiety disorders: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Ann Epidemiol 18:458–466. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2007.12.009 PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 26.De Smedt D, Clays E, Annemans L, Doyle F, Kotseva K, Pająk A et al (2013) Health related quality of life in coronary patients and its association with their cardiovascular risk profile: results from the EUROASPIRE III survey. Int J Cardiol 168:898–903. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.10.053 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 27.Chun H (2006) Gender as a social determinant of health: a Korean perspective. Seoul National UniversityGoogle Scholar
- 37.Buscemi S, Castellini G, Batsis JA, Ricca V, Sprini D, Galvano F, Grosso G, Rosafio G, Caravello M, Rini GB (2013) Psychological and behavioural factors associated with long-term weight maintenance after a multidisciplinary treatment of uncomplicated obesity. Eat Weight Disord 18:351–358. doi: 10.1007/s.40519-013-0059-2 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 40.Sullivan M, Karlsson J, Sjöström L, Backman L, Bengtsson C, Bouchard C et al (1993) Swedish obese subjects (SOS)—an intervention study of obesity. Baseline evaluation and psychosocial functioning in the first 1743 subjects examined. Int J Obes Rel Metab Dis 17:503–512Google Scholar
- 41.Foster GD, Wadden TA (1994) The psychology of obesity, weight loss, and weight regain: research and clinical findings. In: Blackburn GL, Kanders BD (eds) Obesity: pathophysiology, psychology and treatment. Chapman, New York, pp 140–159Google Scholar