Current Pharmacological Treatments for Childhood Onset OCD
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Purpose of review
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic condition associated with substantial morbidity, comorbidity, and functional impairment in affected youths. Fortunately, efficacy has been established for multiple pharmacotherapies; however, treatment response remains neither universal nor complete; hence, treatment development efforts continue.
This review aims to examine evidence for recent trials examining augmentation strategies for partial responders to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs), the efficacy of adding D-cycloserine (DCS) to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interventions for OCD symptoms associated with infection, and a meta-analytic view of SRI efficacy and dose-response outcomes.
Augmentative treatment with SRIs or additional CBT confers additional benefit in CBT partial responders; however, DCS augmentation does not enhance CBT outcomes. Further treatment development is needed to establish effective interventions for infection-related OCD symptoms, and an SRI dose-response curve does not appear to be evident when examining across multiple SRI trials. Implications of these finding for next-stage research efforts and clinical practice are considered.
KeywordsObsessive-compulsive disorder Pediatrics Pharmacotherapy Augmentation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Martin E. Franklin declares that he has no conflict of interest. Stephanie Eken declares that she has no conflict of interest. Sarah G. Turk Karan declares that she has no conflict of interest. Bradley C. Riemann declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
References and Recommended Reading
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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