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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 186–193 | Cite as

Zirconia Implants: Is There a Future?

  • Corrado Piconi
  • Simone Sprio
Dental Restorative Materials (M Özcan, Section Editor)
  • 59 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Dental Restorative Materials

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This review is making an overview of the behavior of the zirconia-toughened ceramic (ZTC) intended for use in the next generation of dental implants replacing zirconia (yttria-stabilized zirconia [Y-TZP]) currently in use.

Recent Findings

The new ZTCs are joining improved strength and toughness to the excellent biological behavior of TZP currently used worldwide for metal-free dental implants.

Summary

Most of the Y-TZP dental implants currently in use are one-piece designs. New two-piece designs are now in the market. This design results very demanding because of the mechanical behavior of the ceramic and poses some limitations in implant diameter. Thanks to the improved strength and toughness, the new ZTCs will allow the increase in the reliability of the present implant design and the production of implants with diameter smaller than the first generation ones.

Keywords

Dental implants Zirconia Zirconia-toughened ceramics Platelet-reinforced ceramics Nanostructure 

Abbreviations

ZTA

Zirconia-toughened alumina

ATZ

Alumina-toughened zirconia

SHA

Strontium hexaluminate

TZP

Tetragonal zirconia polycrystal

ZTC

Zirconia-toughened ceramic

BIC

Bone-implant contact

LTD

Low-temperature degradation

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Corrado Piconi reports consultancy work for Medical Device Division, CeramTec GmbH, Plochingen, Germany. Simone Sprio declares no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corrado Piconi
    • 1
  • Simone Sprio
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research CouncilInstitute for the Science and Technology of CeramicsFaenzaItaly

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