Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 127–132 | Cite as

CAD/CAM and 3D-printing Applications for Alveolar Ridge Augmentation

  • Howard H. Yen
  • Panagiota G. StathopoulouEmail author
Digital and Esthetic Dentistry (E Anadioti and P Stathopoulou, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Digital and Esthetic Dentistry


Purpose of Review

CAD/CAM and 3D-printing are emerging manufacturing technologies in dentistry. In the field of alveolar ridge augmentation, graft customization utilizing these technologies can result in significant reduction of surgical time. A review of the literature on materials, techniques, and applications of CAD/CAM and 3D-printing available for alveolar ridge augmentation was performed.

Recent Findings

CAD/CAM applications for milling of customized block grafts of allogeneic, xenogeneic, and alloplastic origins have been reported, and currently only limited products are commercially available. 3D-printing applications are limited to alloplastic graft materials and containment shells, and have been mostly used in animal studies for optimizing biomaterials’ properties.


While current data support the potential use of CAD/CAM and 3D-printing for graft customization for alveolar ridge augmentation procedures, additional research is needed on predictability and long-term stability of the grafted sites.


CAD/CAM 3D-printing Ridge augmentation Guided bone regeneration Block graft 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PeriodonticsUniversity of Pennsylvania School of Dental MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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